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The Potato: A Compilation of Information from Every Available Source | by Eugene H. Grubb, W. S. Guilford



It is with the hope that a compilation of information in regard to one of the world's greatest food plants - the potato - will be of service to the increasing thousands of people now interested and becoming interested in practical, scientific agriculture, that this work is published.

TitleThe Potato: A Compilation of Information from Every Available Source
AuthorEugene H. Grubb, W. S. Guilford
PublisherDoubleday, Page & Company
Year1912
Copyright1912, Doubleday, Page & Company
AmazonThe Potato: A Compilation Of Information From Every Available Source

The Potato: A Compilation of Information from Every Available Source

By Eugene H. Grubb, Mt. Sopris Farm, Carbondale, Colorado; Consulting Agriculturist for the Twin Falls North Side Land and Water Company, Idaho, and the Sacramento Valley Irrigation Company, California; Special Commissioner to Europe in Potato Investigations for the United States Government; author of "The Modern Delicacy", "Orchard Heating," "Farmers' Bulletin 386 on Potatoes."

And W. S. Guilford, Jerome; Idaho, and Willows, California; Director of Agriculture, Sacramento Valley Irrigation Company, California.

Garden City New York Doubleday, Page & Company.

Copyright, 1912, by Doubleday, Page & Company.

All rights reserved, including that of translation into foreign languages, including the Scandinavian.

-Dedication
Recognizing their valuable, lasting and unselfish work for American Agriculture in different fields, for the common good, this book is respectfully dedicated to James Wilson, Secretary of Agriculture....
-Authors' Preface
It is with the hope that a compilation of information in regard to one of the world's greatest food plants - the potato - will be of service to the increasing thousands of people now interested and be...
-Chapter I. Importance Of The Potato
During the season of 1911-1912 the United States has imported large quantities of potatoes from Europe. The crop of 1911 was a good many million bushels short of the needs of the nation. This situati...
-Chapter II. The Potato As Food
Definite knowledge in regard to, the world's greatest food crop is very meagre. This is true not only of the mass of consumers, but even doctors and cooks, who should be well informed on every subject...
-The Potato As A Food Remedy
The potato is of immense service as a food remedy in the treatment of a large number of diseases. It is especially valuable in cases of chronic intestinal auto-intoxication or 'biliousness'. It afford...
-Chapter III. Climatic Requirements
The potato grew wild and now grows to perfection in southwestern Colorado, in the Rocky Mountains, and under similar conditions in the Andes Mountains in South America. In these districts the winters...
-Chapter IV. Potato Soils
Drainage is the most important requisite in a potato soil. It must either be present naturally or supplied artificially. So important is this subject considered that a chapter on tile drainage is bei...
-Chapter V. Drainage
In Attempting to accomplish the object sought in this work - i.e., that of embodying in one publication as nearly as possible all that is available and valuable information in the potato field - the s...
-Drainage. Continued
It is impossible to drain too deep for the majority of farm crops. Our upland soils remain moist where the water table is 100 feet or more below the surface. It is true that a drained peat unless comp...
-Chapter VI. Seed Stocks And Varieties
Avery frequent question asked by amateurs and others is, What is the best potato? The answer is that there is no universally best potato, but that certain varieties have proved best for certain co...
-New Hampshire
In Bulletin 3 of the New Hampshire Experiment Station is the following: As our New England markets demand a round or oblong white potato, we recommend for main crop the planting of such varieties a...
-Ohio
That the Ohio Experiment Station has tested hundreds of varieties of potatoes and is yet continuing this work is reported in Bulletin 218.' Many new varieties are constantly being offered by origina...
-Minnesota
The Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station in Bulletin 118 furnishes the following information: 1. The better varieties of potatoes are as follows: Recommended for planting: early, Early Ohio, ...
-Colorado
The following is from Farmer's Bulletin 386 of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, by the senior author: * Years of experience have demonstrated that comparatively few varieties of potatoes are r...
-Washington 2
In Popular Bulletin No. 11 of the Washington State Experiment Station A. G. Craig says: There are often different strains of a single variety of potatoes which differ from each other in their chara...
-Great Britain
The following letter from Arthur W. Sutton, Royal Seed Establishment, Reading, England, explains the variety situation in Great Britain: As regards a list of the best potatoes now grown in Great Brit...
-Size Of Seed And Rate Of Seeding
Growers will be found to recommend the use of seed varying in size from cut pieces having one small eye to whole seed weighing six to eight ounces. The best growers everywhere - those who are getting...
-Size Of Seed And Rate Of Seeding. Part 2
The year 1845 was a fateful one in the history of potato-growing. In that year the dreaded disease Phytophthora infestans (late blight) wrought sad havoc among the potato crops throughout the country....
-Size Of Seed And Rate Of Seeding. Part 3
It will be noted that Mr. Paterson in his report to the Highland and Agricultural Society says that, before he got on to the line of experiment which led up to the production of the Victoria, ' potato...
-Size Of Seed And Rate Of Seeding. Part 4
A series of wet seasons, culminating in the disastrous season of 1879, wrought great havoc among the crops of the country, particularly in England. A departmental committee was appointed to investigat...
-Size Of Seed And Rate Of Seeding. Part 5
But the potato harvest of 1904 found the growers of new and high-priced varieties in a very different frame of mind. The precious shoots which they had bought at from $10 to $20. apiece had each and a...
-Size Of Seed And Rate Of Seeding. Part 6
Further experiments conducted by the department proved that not only was there a great increase in yield obtained from boxed as against unboxed seed, but that the system of spraying with the sulphate ...
-Size Of Seed And Rate Of Seeding. Part 7
As already noted, there is no variety of potato on the market which is not more or less susceptible to the disease, though undoubtedly some varieties show much greater capacity for resisting the disea...
-Chapter VII. Seed-Bed Preparation And Planting
So Much depends on the conditions in the different districts, that seed bed preparation and planting methods differ somewhat. The fundamentals, however, are the same everywhere. These are whatever cu...
-Seed-Bed Preparation And Planting. Part 2
In the spring the ground should be thoroughly disked and harrowed, making a fine, firm seed bed. Small acreages (five acres or less) of potatoes may be planted by hand if a horse planter is not avail...
-Seed-Bed Preparation And Planting. Part 3
Chas. D. Woods, Director Maine Agricultural Experiment Station, in an address before the New Jersey State Board of Agriculture, said: While potato growing is somewhat a matter of soil and climate, it...
-Seed-Bed Preparation And Planting. Part 4
Too much attention to the fitting of the soil for the crop can hardly be given, for no amount of after tillage can overcome neglect in preparation. Deep and thorough plowing and harrowing, so as to m...
-Seed-Bed Preparation And Planting. Part 5
Notwithstanding this fact, the yields in the Cornell experiments have been much above the average each year. This was as true of 1898 as of previous years, in spite of the additional fact that the lat...
-Chapter VIII. Cultivation
The objects sought in cultivating the potato are: First, keeping the soil in the seed bed loose and retaining moisture for the crop, and, second, keeping down the growth of weeds, which, if allowed to...
-Chapter IX. Irrigation
Fundamentally and theoretically, irrigation is the simplest operation connected with the growing of a crop on an irrigated farm. At first thought it was intended to preface this chapter with a note t...
-Irrigation. Continued
Care should be used to run the distributing laterals on a light grade, because water must be taken out of them for the corrugations or checks, and if they have a heavy grade it is a difficult thing to...
-Chapter X. Harvesting
The bulk of the potato crop of the world is grown in what may be called short season territory, and by that is meant that there is danger to the crop from frost at both ends of the growing period. ...
-Harvesting. Continued
The home-made box is usually less satisfactory. It is rarely made of the best light material, and when one takes into account the number of times the boxes must be handled, he may see the advantage of...
-Chapter XI. Potato Machinery
During the past decade great improvements have been made in agricultural machinery. The up-to-date farmer of to-day is not content with old methods or tools, if there is no better reason for their use...
-The Iron Age Machinery
The following machines are made by the Bate-man Manufacturing Company, Greenloch, N. J.: Iron Age Digger at work. Hauling potatoes to storehouse in half-sacks - Mt. Sopris Farm. Iron Age Pl...
-The John Deere Machinery
The machinery described in the following paragraphs is made by Deere & Company, Moline, 111. : Deere Disk Harrow. Deere Potato Digger. Deere Shaker Potato Digger. Deere Cultivator. Deer...
-The Aspinwall Machinery
The Aspinwall Manufacturing Company, Jackson, Mich., makes the machinery which is described in the following: Picker in Aspinwall Planter. Aspinwall Two-Row Planter. Aspinwall Planter with F...
-Thompson Machinery
The Thompson potato sorter is made by James Thompson, Greeley, Col., and is largely used in the West. Mr. Thompson also makes bag holders and potato baskets. The sorter is operated by rocking back and...
-The Dowden Machinery
The Dowden potato digger, made by the Dow-den Manufacturing Company, Prairie City, Iowa, weighs 1,140 pounds and is drawn by two or four horses, although made strong enough that six may be used, if re...
-Chapter XII. Selling And Storage
Does it pay to store potatoes or sell direct from the field to the dealer, and if storage pays what sort of structure is best? The answer to the first must be made by the individual grower. The eleme...
-Selling And Storage. Part 2
The plans submitted give a general idea of a satisfactory cellar, and can be modified to suit conditions. In planning the size of the structure it is safe to estimate one bushel at one and one fourth ...
-Selling And Storage. Part 3
In places where cement is much more expensive than lumber, this building could be built by setting posts and making a frame wall. The Colorado Agricultural College built a cellar sixty by eighty feet...
-Chapter XIII. Cost Of Growing Potatoes - Yield - Prices - Profits
The yield of a crop of potatoes, the cost of growing and the consequent profits, vary not only with conditions, but with individual operators under similar conditions. In common with every other phase...
-Cost Of Growing Potatoes - Yield - Prices - Profits. Continued
The profits will range from $20 in the poorer potato sections to $125 per acre in good potato districts. Mr. Harper reports a net profit of the latter sum from his potatoes in 1910. The cost of produ...
-Chapter XIV. Markets And Marketing
The marketing of high-class farm products in attractive packages, to special trade is a department of agriculture that has a most promising future. Farm marketing has been too much like other farm op...
-Markets And Marketing. Part 2
The average potato grower has not yet risen to the same plane as the best fruit men. Putting good ones on top is an old trick. It was common practice in Colorado a short time ago to put good potatoes ...
-Markets And Marketing. Part 3
J. G. Milward of the Horticultural Department of the University of Wisconsin is doing a great work for the potato growers of that state. In a circular issued by him in May, 1911, he says: The growing...
-Chapter XV. Enemies Of The Potato
The potato is less subject to diseases and pests in the higher mountain country where it grows wild, than in any other part of the world. Thousands of tons of tubers - the bulk of the crop of the wor...
-Wart Disease
In Leaflet 105 of the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries of the British Government, (information and illustrations from this source are used by permission of the Controller of His Britannic Majesty'...
-Early Blight
Potato Leaf Blight (Alternaria Solani). The following description is from Bulletin No. 71 of the Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station: This disease has probably been long in existence. Our knowl...
-The Late Blight
The Late Blight (Phytophthora infestans) is a very serious disease. The following is from Bulletin 71 of the Wyoming Experiment Station: Though this disease had not been fully worked out until in c...
-Potato Disease Preventive And Remedial Measures
Preventive and remedial measures suggested are: 1. Potato disease is propagated and carried on from season to season in the sets. It is therefore of the utmost importance that sound crops only should...
-Potato Scab
Oospora scabies is one of the most common potato diseases. In Bulletin 71 of the Wyoming Experiment Station it is described as follows: This fungous disease is too well known to need any descripti...
-Tip Burn, Leaf Burn Or Scald
This disease of the leaves occurs in many parts of the country and is often confused with early blight, says B. T. Galloway in Farmers' Bulletin No. 91. The tips and edges of the leaves turn brown...
-Dry Rot
Dry rot, due to Fusarium oxysporum, has been known in the potato world for a good many years, but the real cause was not understood until recently. A great deal of research work has been done in Germa...
-Rhizoctonia
This disease of the potato is sometimes known to growers as Little Potatoes, Stem Rot, and Rosette. Considerable research work in regard to rhizoc-tonia was done by Prof. F. M. Rolfs when he wa...
-The Colorado Potato Beetle
The following is by S. Arthur Johnson, in Bulletin 175' of the Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station: This insect (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) is a native of a strip of country which lies just eas...
-The Potato Flea Beetle
The facts about this insect (Epitrix cucumeris) which follow were written by S. Arthur Johnson for Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station, Bulletin No. 175: When tomatoes are first set out or pot...
-Grasshoppers
Grasshoppers are not often counted as an insect enemy of the potato, but their ravages in eastern Colorado have been such that growers have lost heavily. S. Arthur Johnson in Bulletin 175 of the Col...
-The Potato Eelworm
The Potato Eelworm (a thread worm, Hetero-dera Radicola) is about one twenty-fifth of an inch long, and works in the mature tuber. It has been found in Nevada potatoes shipped to California. The follo...
-Chapter XVI. Dining Cars, Hotels, And Restaurants
There are no keener students of the food problem than the best hotel, restaurant, and dining-car men. Two vitally essential things appeal to them - quality and economy. Such men as J. F. Smart of th...
-Chapter XVII. Fertilizers
The object of fertilizing is to have available in the soil a sufficient quantity of all the elements the plant needs for making a maximum crop. It is also necessary that the soil be in such perfect m...
-Fertilizers. Continued
Phosphoric acid is supplied in the form of phosphates of lime, iron, and alumina. Some of the materials used are bone phosphate (phosphate of lime), raw bone, bone meal, steamed bone, bone black or an...
-Chapter XVIII. The Farm Rotation
The rotation of crops is a fundamental practice in good farming operations. The potato is one of the most useful crops in a general rotation, because the clean and thorough cultivation required, as we...
-Chapter XIX. Early Potatoes - Specialties
The early potato, like all other early vegetables and fruit, is an out of season or semi-out of season product, and consequently brings a fancy price. Extraordinary conditions, either natural or ...
-Early Potatoes - Specialties. Part 2
The value for seed purposes of tubers grown under a little mulch has been tested during two seasons at the experiment (Nebraska) station. In 1904 a plat of potatoes was mulched with straw and an adjoi...
-Early Potatoes - Specialties. Part 3
Within recent years there has been a marked increase in the use of second-crop potatoes for seed throughout the Southern potato-growing sections. This crop is frequently grown on the same land from wh...
-Chapter XX. The Burbank Potato
For several years the authors of this book have looked upon their occasional visits to Luther Burbank at Santa Rosa, Cal. as bright spots in their year's work. Each visit brings a greater love for the...
-Chapter XXI. The Sweet Potato
The article which follows consists of extracts from Farmers' Bulletin 324 of the United States Department of Agriculture, and is by W. It. Beattie of the Bureau of Plant Industry: * With the passin...
-The Sweet Potato. Part 2
While 'drawing' the sets it is a good plan to have at hand a large pail or a tub containing water to which there has been added a quantity of clay and cow manure which has been stirred until it forms ...
-The Sweet Potato. Part 3
It is very apparent that some varieties are more subject to the attacks of diseases than others. The Big-Stem Jersey and the Jersey group generally are especially subject to disease, while varieties o...
-Chapter XXII. Legislation
The control and eradication of all disease human, animal, and vegetable - is a problem in which all of the people in a country or a state are vitally interested. Consequently, laws designed to accomp...
-Chapter XXIII. Cooking The Potato
In Chapter II (The Potato As Food) the potato as food is discussed by Dr. J. H. Kellogg. In this chapter the food value of the potato and special recipes are given by Mrs. E. H. Grubb, and valuable re...
-Notes On Cooking Potatoes
The potato is in such universal use, and is so highly nutritious, that above all other vegetables it would seem that it should be cooked in perfection. However, it may be in reality that no other vege...
-Notes On Cooking Potatoes. Part 2
Boiled Potatoes Place in deep kettle with perforated pan in bottom of kettle, and cover with sufficient water to cook them, but not to immerse the potatoes in the boiling water, as the skins are liab...
-Notes On Cooking Potatoes. Part 3
Cooking Recipes By A Famous Chef The following recipes were compiled for this book by Emil Tenthorey, chef at Hotel Colorado, Glenwood Springs, Col. In polite society potatoes are only admitted en r...
-Notes On Cooking Potatoes. Part 4
Potatoes Victoria Same as croquettes, dipped in egg and baked to a light brown color. Potatoes Gastronome Potatoes raw, cut in shape of bottle corks with tube cutter, boiled barely done in salt wat...
-Notes On Cooking Potatoes. Part 5
Peanut Potato Soup 1 1/3 cups potatoes 1 cup cream 1 pint milk Cook two medium sized potatoes and put through a colander. Add water, if necessary, to make 1 1/3 cups; heat and add hot milk and cre...
-Chapter XXIV. Manufactures
The potato consists largely of starch and water. Its use in manufacturing comes from the high content of the carbohydrate starch. In the manufacturing world the potato is made use of for starch, pota...
-Starch
The starch content in potatoes in Wisconsin is discussed in Farmers' Bulletin 65 of the United States Department of Agriculture: The value of a potato crop to the grower depends mainly upon the yie...
-Alcohol
The potato is one source of industrial alcohol. In Farmers' Bulletin 269 of the United States Department of Agriculture H. W. Wiley says:. The most important of the uses of industrial alcohol as fa...
-Alcohol. Continued
Starch is a compound which, from the chemical point of view, belongs to the class known as carbohydrates - that is, compounds in which the element carbon is associated by a chemical union with water. ...
-Dried Or Desiccated Potatoes
It is the opinion of Secretary of Agriculture James Wilson and other close students of the food supply of the world that there should be some way of preparing and preserving potatoes that stocks may b...
-Manufacturing At Kyritz, Germany
During the season of 1910 the senior author made a study of manufacturing potato products in Germany, and his notes follow: The manufacture of starch, potato, flour and glucose at this place was star...
-Chapter XXV. Potatoes And Potato Products As Stock Feed
On A basis of strict economy as regards the use of the world's supply of foodstuffs, it would probably never be right to feed potatoes fit for human food to livestock. Granting this, the potato has y...
-Potatoes And Potato Products As Stock Feed. Continued
In a feeding test lasting forty-two days, four pigs were fed on sweet potatoes only, during which time the pigs lost in weight instead of making a gain. The pigs in this test were rather small, averag...
-Chapter XXVI. Potatoes For Exhibition: Score Cards And Standards
The interest in exhibits of agricultural products increases yearly. Never before in the history of this country have the most representative and influential people so keenly realized the importance of...
-Score Card For Greeley Potatoes
Disqualifications: For show or first three market grades. Screen less than one and seven eighths inches in clear. Many knots. Very deep eyes or very irregular shape. For show, any mixture of varieties...
-I. Dealers' Scale. External Examination
Too large...................... Too Small........ Not even 2 Size 20 12 6 Shape 10 10 Not bright Dirty......... Scabby ...
-II. Final Purchasers' Scale. Knife Examination
Smoothness ....... ...... 5 Pares thin............. 10 Flesh white............. 5 Sound and not hollow.......... 5 Cortical layer thick......
-III. Consumers' Scale. Table Quality
Quickness of cooking.......... 5 Potatoes cook alike.......... 10 Mealiness............. 20 Whiteness............. 5 Grain (mashed)..........
-Market Grades
Fancy Potatoes. One variety ripe, sound, smooth, clean, bright, even, run of good size, true to type, not over 5 per cent., but would run over screen two inches in clear: Choice Potatoes. One variety...
-The Chicago Scale
The scale which follows is used under the Chicago Produce Reporter System: Fancy Potatoes shall be known as: One variety true to name, ripe, sound, smooth, clean, bright, free from disease, scab and ...
-Chapter XXVII. Potato Superstitions And Prejudices
There are a great many superstitions and prejudices in regard to the potato. Some are as old as time but, generally there is no good reason for their existence. Planting in the dark of the moon is ...
-Chapter XXVIII. Recent Development In New And Old Districts
The acres of land in the world capable of producing crops can and must produce a greater annual tonnage of food in order to feed the people, unless there be some unforeseen calamity to stop the rate o...
-Conditions Of Burley Potato Prize Contest
1. Entries to be filed on or before May 5, 1910. 2. No more than one crop of one variety of potato must be grown on one acre (43,560 feet), and in case grower enters more than one acre, separate blan...
-Chapter XXIX. North Atlantic States
A Report of the potato industry in Maine and New York is given as typical of the states covered in this classification. The potato is an excellent rotation crop on a general farm in this territory, an...
-Maine
The following article is by Mr. E. L. Cleveland, of Houlton, Maine, one of the best potato authorities in America: Aroostook County, Maine, covers an area equal to that of the state of Massachusetts,...
-Maine. Continued
The following interesting information is from the Bangor Aroostook Railroad, Bangor, Maine: Maine has long been famous for its wealth of timber-lands, its summer resorts and great game country. The p...
-Potato Culture In New York State
The information that follows is by Mr. T. E. Martin, Superintendent of Demonstration Farms of the New York Central Lines. For best results in potato culture in New York State tile drainage is as much...
-Potato Culture In New York State. Continued
If wheat lodges, that is an indication of a lack of potash. Dwarfish growth signifies lack of nitrogen, shrunken grain shows lack of phosphoric acid. However, the only sure way to determine such quest...
-Chapter XXX. South Atlantic And Gulf States
The states in this classification grow large acreages of sweet potatoes. This subject is covered in a separate chapter. The Irish potato situation is also discussed in the chapter on Specialties - Ea...
-Chapter XXXI. The Middle West
A Large tonnage of potatoes is grown in the states comprised in the territory known as the Middle West. There is so much similarity in conditions and methods that for the purpose of this work a discus...
-Wisconsin
The following very comprehensive information about the potato industry of Wisconsin is furnished by Prof. J. G. Milward of the Horticultural Department of the University of Wisconsin. He is a graduate...
-Kansas
Secretary, F. D. Coburn, of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, most admirably sums up the potato situation in that state in Report 91, as follows: The potato is probably more generally grown an...
-Chapter XXXII. Colorado
There are a number of districts in Colorado that produce potatoes of very high quality. Among these are: Greeley and northeastern Colorado, San Luis Valley, the Grand River country, in which Carbondal...
-Greeley
Greeley, Col., and vicinity, was settled by a colony of professional and business people who were attracted to the West and to the soil by the forceful writings of Horace Greeley. The early history of...
-Greeley. Part 2
Whatever claims may be pressed by other sections, it must be remembered that Greeley is one of the best known districts in the potato world. The soils in their natural state were not comparable to so...
-Greeley. Part 3
Most of our farmers grow potatoes in preference to any other crop, and the only reason more are not grown is because the land is not in just the right condition, and then again it is an expensive crop...
-The Western Slope Country
The districts that supply the markets with Western Slope potatoes are Carbondale, Rifle, New Castle, Eagle, Gypsum, Montrose, Delta, Olathe, Grand Junction. The conditions in all of these are very sim...
-A Modern Delicacy - Mt. Sopris Farm Potatoes
Next to bread and meat, the most important article of food to the Anglo-Saxon race is the potato. Notwithstanding its importance as a food product, comparatively little attention has been paid to the ...
-Chapter XXXIII. Idaho - Twin Falls Country - Upper Snake River
Idaho is one of the newest states in the Union, both in point of history and agricultural development. As in most of the Western States, mining caused the first immigration. Lewis and Clark went thro...
-Idaho - Twin Falls Country - Upper Snake River. Part 2
Irrigating potatoes near Wendell Scenes In The Twin Falls Country, Idaho. One of the most important factors in the establishment of a market for all high class agricultural products is the uniform pe...
-Idaho - Twin Falls Country - Upper Snake River. Part 3
Southern Idaho soil has demonstrated that it contains the elements required to make deliciously flavored potatoes, especially where the quality of water applied is under absolute control, as with irri...
-Idaho - Twin Falls Country - Upper Snake River. Part 4
As soon as the ground was dry enough it was plowed from ten to twelve inches deep. As the surface soil had been worked many times before plowing, it was very fine and made a perfect contact with the b...
-Chapter XXXIV. The Northwest
In This classification we have arbitrarily grouped the states of Washington, Oregon, and Utah. Idaho, Colorado, and California are considered separately. Conditions in Wyoming and Montana are very sim...
-Utah
Utah has a comparatively large acreage that is admirably adapted to the growing of potatoes. Both soil and climate are suited to the crop. Prof. L. A. Merrill, agronomist in charge of arid farms for t...
-Washington
R. W. Thatcher, Director of the Agricultural Experiment Station of the State College of Washington, at Pullman, Wash., says that the industry of growing potatoes is a very extensive one in that state,...
-Oregon
Oregon has earned an enviable reputation for quality of potatoes produced, and Oregon Bur-banks are very popular as seed tocks in California and elsewhere. The following description of Oregon conditi...
-Nevada
In a very fine book on Nevada, published by the Homeseekers' Bureau of the Sunset Magazine, San Francisco, Cal., in an article by C. A. Norcross, Commissioner of Agriculture of Nevada, it is stated th...
-Chapter XXXV. California
California occupies a similar position on the Pacific coast of the United States to that of the territory lying between Charleston and Boston on the Atlantic coast. There are 158,360 square miles or 1...
-The Lompoc Valley
The Lompoc (little hills) Valley is a very narrow strip of country that extends up from the Pacific Ocean. The mainland juts out into the ocean somewhat at this point, so that the climate is tempered ...
-The Salinas Valley
In many ways the Salinas Valley is very similar to Lompoc. It is on the coast, between Lompoc and San Francisco. The maximum temperature is about 91, the minimum 28, or a little lower. Citrus fruits ...
-Stockton
The Stockton district is now one of the biggest potato-producing sections in the world, area considered. The crops are grown in the lowlands in and along the San Joaquin River, in a rich alluvial soi...
-Stockton. Continued
In spite of the fortune that he realized from his single crop of potatoes, Sing Kee is too shrewd a farmer to put all of his eggs into one basket, although he still makes spuds his main crop. An Ameri...
-Sacramento Valley
The Sacramento Valley is watered and has been made by the Sacramento River and its tributaries. It is a vast, alluvial plain, comprising over 2,500,000 acres of land. The annual rainfall in the valle...
-Chapter XXXVI. The Island Of Chiloe, Chile
In The history of the potato there are occasional references to Chiloe. The senior author and Luther Burbank are planning to go there soon to study conditions. The following information has been secu...
-Chapter XXXVII. Great Britain
As Has been indicated elsewhere, the senior author spent the season of 1910 in Europe studying agriculture in general and potato methods in particular. In the various countries of Europe he found the...
-Near Edinburgh, Scotland
Dalmeny Farm, Edinburgh, Scotland, is one of the most famous livestock and plant breeding institutions in the world. It is the home place of of the Earl of Rosebery. A large number of specialists are ...
-In Western Scotland
The results of the work of Matthew G. Wallace, Terreglestown, Dumfries, Scotland, in growing potatoes are very remarkable. He is a tenant farmer, and has been growing potatoes on a 300-acre farm for t...
-Girvan, Scotland
Girvan is a town on the western coast of Scotland, on the Firth of Clyde. It is the birthplace of Hon. James Wilson, Secretary of Agriculture of the United States. It is the earliest potato-growing d...
-In Forfarshire, Scotland
Thomas Buttar, Corston, Coupar Angus, Scotland, is a very successful breeder of Shropshire sheep and Shorthorn cattle. Mr. Buttar grows forty acres of potatoes for seed annually for the southern Engl...
-At Dunfermline, Scotland
A. Burns and Sons, Dunfermline, Scotland, farm 1,000 acres and crop 300 to 500 acres in potatoes annually. They grow one variety of early potatoes exclusively, the British Queen. This outsells all ot...
-In Lincolnshire, England
Lincolnshire is one of the largest shires or counties in England. It vies with Yorkshire in its area in production and yields of agricultural products. The lowlands next to the sea are known as the fe...
-In Lincolnshire, England. Part 2
Mr. Wm. Dennis and his five sons are pioneer growers of large acreages of potatoes. He commenced in 1869 by buying six and one half acres of land at $500 an acre. They now have 3,000 freehold acres an...
-In Lincolnshire, England. Part 3
Whole seed with green sprouts one half inch long are placed in the furrow by women and children. They use light, one-horse cultivators, and practise what we would call shallow cultivation. They depend...
-In Lincolnshire, England. Part 4
Now perhaps you will excuse me from boasting, but I had potatoes well started in boxes - Eclipse was the kind - and planted on these fields in March. This land is very light, and, as I said, very poor...
-Summary
The following practice of European potato growers should be of interest and value to American producers: 1. The use of deep-rooting grasses - rye grass, alfalfa, etc. 2. The use of large quantities ...
-Chapter XXXVIII. The Channel Islands
The first early open field grown potatoes of the season for the London markets are from the Canary Islands, southwest of Spain. The next are from the Jersey Islands and arrive in London in April and M...
-The Channel Islands. Continued
Following this is a second crop to be grazed off by the cattle for fall and winter pasture. This is the result of feeding the soil with liquid manure from the cow barns. It is sprinkled over the meado...
-Chapter XXXIX. Ireland
History is responsible for the statement that the first potatoes grown in Great Britain were planted in Ireland, near Cork. The name Irish Potato has come into universal use and many believe the tub...
-Chapter XL. Continent Of Europe
As Will be seen by the graphic map of the world in Chapter I (Importance Of The Potato), the aggregate potato production of the countries on the continent of Europe is enormous. During his European t...
-Continent Of Europe. Part 2
This confirms what I have already recognized in regard to other crops - that is to say, that manure in moderate doses and with complementary fertilizers is more advantageous than a heavy fertilization...
-Continent Of Europe. Part 3
The general opinion of dealers is that toward the end of the winter, when the visible European supply is more nearly exhausted, prices of potatoes will be considerably higher than now, and large quant...
-Continent Of Europe. Part 4
The rows are made twenty-six inches apart and the seed is dropped eighteen inches apart in the row. The seed is then covered by a horse-drawn coverer consisting of two disks, one working on either ...
-Continent Of Europe. Part 5
The flour is used principally by bakers for adding to rye and wheat flour in making bread. The proportion for wheat bread is 5 to 10 per cent. of the ground potato flour, and for rye bread the amount ...
-Continent Of Europe. Part 6
It is difficult to set an exact value on the potato used in the potato-flour industry. Some factories buy them by the hectolitre (2.837 bushels) without paying any attention to the quality, while othe...
-Chapter XLI. History
In Common with many other food plants, the early history of the potato does not appear to be especially authentic; but there are some points on which most writers agree. The potato (Solanum tuberosum...
-History. Continued
Concerning the introduction of the potato into England, the following extract from ' London's Encyclopedia, published in 1836, is of sufficient importance to find a place in any paper on potatoes: 'It...
-Chapter XLII. Botany, Physical And Chemical Composition Of The Potato
The potato (Solarium tuberosum) belongs to the Solanum or Nightshade family. (Sola-men is a Latin word meaning soothing or quieting.) In Bailey's Encyclopedia of Horticulture, published by the Macmi...
-Botany, Physical And Chemical Composition Potato. Part 2
The shaded portion represents the average loss of nutrients when boiled Transverse and longitudinal sections of the potato: a, skin; 6, cortical layer; c, outer medullary layer; d, inner medullar...
-Botany, Physical And Chemical Composition Potato. Part 3
The manufacturing processes of the potato plant are described in Bulletin 71 of the Wyoming Experiment Station, as follows: In order to understand the relation of the leaves to the tubers it is ne...
-Appendix. The World's Food Problem
The most important problem in the world to-day is the future food supply - and in this the potato is an important factor. President W. C. Brown of the New York Central Lines has made a very careful st...
-Potato Statistics
The world's production of various food crops for 1908 is as follows: Bushels Potatoes...........4,927,576,000 Cora............3,478,328,000 Wheat...........3,176,479,000 Barley...........1,267,56...
-Average Yields Est Bushels Per Acre 1890-1908
U.S. European Russia Germany Austria Great Britain France Potatoes....... 89.8 98.4 197.3 151.4 186.4 118. Wheat.......
-Agriculture Books
The Farm Library. Each Volume, Net, $2.00 Soils: How to Handle and Improve Them. By S. W. Fletcher. More than 100 illustrations. Farm Management By F. W. Card. Marketing, Accounts, Buying Land, etc...









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