This section is from the book "Save It For Winter.", by Frederick Fry Rockwell. Also available from Amazon: Save It For Winter; Modern Methods Of Canning, Dehydrating, Preserving And Storing Vegetables And Fruit For Winter Use, With Comments On The Best ... For Saving, And When And How To Grow Them.
This is usually kept by canning but may also be dried. Surplus may readily be used, but if setting out a new bed it will be well to allow for saving part of the crop for winter use. Preparation for both canning and drying is easy, and the keeping qualities are good. The crop is ready to save from early spring to June. If white stalks are preferred they should be produced by hilling up along the rows before the sprouts start.
These are one of the most valuable and most profitable vegetables to be saved for winter. Many kinds, of course, can be saved in the dry state, and generous plantings of these should be made. The snap and butter or Lima beans can be saved for winter by canning or dehydrating. They are easy to prepare and sometimes they are kept by pickling in a salt pack, while surpluses may be used, it is better to make plantings especially for winter use; otherwise the seeds will be of uneven development with many too old to be of the best quality. Beans are very easily grown and yield heavily, the preparation is easy and they keep excellently. The snap and butter varieties can be had any time during summer or early fall. Those wanted to keep in a dry state are usually planted in time to mature early in the fall. For canning or drying beans, use Stringless
Green Pod or Brittle wax or other similar types, where the space is limited a large yield may be obtained by planting pole varieties, such as Kentucky wonder, McCasland, or Golden Cluster. For drying there are, among the dwarf sorts, several different types, such as Kidney Beans, Navy Beans, and Boston Pea Beans, all of which grow readily even on soil which might be considered a little poor for most garden vegetables. Pole beans, such as the Horticultural and Case Knife, are grown especially for keeping in the dry state; most of the early varieties of bush beans, the bush Limas and the pole Limas can be kept for winter in the dry state if the surplus pods are picked and carefully dried and stored as soon as they mature.
While the simplest way of keeping beets, where the facilities are present, is to store them, they can also be tinned, dried or pickled, while small amounts may be put up from the garden surplus by the drying method, it is much better to make one or more plantings particularly for winter use.
Beets to be stored for winter should always be grown especially for this purpose from a late planting. The yield is large for the space occupied, the crop is one very easily grown, and the keeping qualities are excellent, so that altogether beets are among the best vegetables for winter use. They may be had as planned for any time from early summer on. If for drying it will be well to have them ready before real hot weather is over. If for canning, early in the fall when the work can be done more conveniently. The crop planned for storing should be planted so late that they will be just good table size in time to take them out of the ground before freezing. Early Model and Dark Red Ball are two extra high quality varieties, the latter being of a very deep color which makes it attractive for keeping. For winter storage I know of no sort superior to Detroit Dark Red.