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A very cheap apparatus, by which chops can be dressed before a clear fire, is shown by the first of these figures; and the second is pecu liarly convenient when bread or muffins are required to be toasted ex peditiously and in large quantities, without much time and attention being bestowed upon them.

To brown the surface of a. dish without baking or placing it at the fire.

This is done with a salamander, as it is called, formed like the engraving below; it is heated in the fire, and held over the dish sufficiently near to give it colour. It is very much used in a superior order of cookery. A kitchen shovel is sometimes substituted for it on an emergency.

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