Experiment 56

To determine the effect of cooking vegetables in milk. Use green string beans, asparagus, or carrots.

1. To 3/4 cup of milk add 1/2 pound of string beans. Cook until tender. The beans may be shredded in long strips to hasten cooking.

2. Repeat 1, but have the milk boiling before adding the vegetable.

3. Repeat 1, but add the vegetable to one-third of the boiling milk. Add the remainder of the milk in small portions during cooking.

4. Repeat 1, but add 1/32 teaspoon of soda to the milk.

5. Repeat 1, but use cabbage or cauliflower.

Do any curdle? Is there any difference in the size of the curds formed in cooking by the different methods? Why may one vegetable cause the milk to curdle but another vegetable not cause curdling? If you wish to add milk for seasoning to a vegetable like asparagus or green beans, how would you add it to prevent curdling? Is it desirable to use soda?

Number

Curdle

Texture of milk

Comments

Results and conclusions.

Ham Baked in Milk

Experiment 57

To bake ham in milk.

1. Use mild-cured ham in 1-inch slices. To 1/2 pound of the ham 1 inch thick add 1 tablespoon of medium-brown sugar, sprinkling it evenly over the ham. Add 1/2 cup of milk and bake at 125°C. (257°F.) until tender. The size of the dish should be such that the milk barely covers or just reaches the top of the ham.

2. Repeat 1, but prewarm the milk by boiling it before adding to the ham.

3. Repeat 1, but add only one-third of the milk. After baking 30 minutes add the remaining milk in small portions at intervals of a few minutes.

4. Repeat 1, but add 1/32 teaspoon of soda to the milk.

5. Repeat 1, but use evaporated milk. Dilute 1/4 of evaporated milk with 1/4 cup of water and add this diluted milk to the ham.

6. Repeat 1, but bake the ham at 175°C. (347°F.) until tender.

In which experiments does the milk curdle? Are some curdled worse than others? What is the effect of a higher temperature upon curdling? Compare the flavor of ham.

Number

Texture of milk

Texture of meat

Flavor

Comments

Results and conclusions.

The series may be repeated, omitting the sugar and using pork chops or fish instead of the ham. There is less tendency to curdle with the fresh meat.