In crossing the orchard fruits the work has not proven as uncertain in results as most persons suspect. The remarkable results achieved by Luther Burbank, of California, have by many been attributed to the favorable climate of the west coast. But a visit to Santa Rosa, in connection with a record of the results attained during the past fifteen years, will show that all the new creations of special value have come from nearly allied crosses that have been duplicated in a small way east of the mountains. As an instance, some of his best results with plums have come from crosses of our native plums with the Japan varieties. America, Gold, Juicy, and other fine varieties, we are told, came from pits of the Robinson pollinated with Japan varieties. In like manner the crosses of Japan pollen on our native varieties have given most promising results in all the States where it has been tried. As an instance, the writer crossed the blossoms of the De Soto with Japan pollen. By accident all the plants were lost but four. One of these now called Ames is as large as Lombard, sutured and better in quality than either parent. The other three trees produce fruit superior in quality to the De Soto or any of our native varieties, especially for culinary use, and all of them retain the hardiness of the Americana species. In all other cases the hybrids of the Japan varieties with our natives have given results as striking as those realized on the west coast. The little done as yet in crossing nearly allied varieties of the apple, pear, and cherry gives equal promise of quick and valuable results.