If a local nursery is near it is usually best to visit it and secure the varieties doing best in the vicinity. If they must be shipped in, take the same care in selecting varieties. In both cases it is better to have the trees dug early and heeled in near the orchard with tops to the south, as shown in Fig. 57. When the buds begin to start growth, it will

Heeling in, with tops to the south

Fig. 57. - Heeling in, with tops to the south.

be found that the rootlets have begun to grow and the cut and broken roots that have been properly pruned with sharp knife are beginning to callus. They are now ready to plant. Trees handled in this way, and planted when the buds and rootlets are pushing, will start into rapid growth at once. But the trees planted early, that stand isolated in the dry spring winds until the time comes for starting growth, are often too much dried to start desirable growth, especially in the prairie States.

In planting the heeled-in trees care must be taken not to expose the roots. The best success is attained by taking the trees to the field with the roots in a large tub of water and planting with wet roots to which the dirt will readily adhere.