Evergreens taken up in the near vicinity and the roots kept moist should bo planted at once. But experience has shown that it is safest to take them up and transplant when the buds begin to swell. At this time the rootlets will start quickly to sustain the rapid evaporation from the foliage. Plant when the soil works well and compact it firmly on the roots spread in natural position. The spruces and firs have many fibrous roots to which earth adheres in transplanting. Hence they need no cutting back of the top except in the way of shaping. But the pines show few fibrous roots not left in the soil when digging. Yet Nature has provided for safe planting, as the branches are provided with latent buds from which growth starts from cut-back branches. If pines are more than one foot in height they are more certain to grow if the tops are cut back quite severely.
Evergreens boxed and shipped in from a distant point when opened usually show dried mud encased over the roots. Before planting it is best to dip the roots in thin mud to soften that which is dried and plant with the roots wet. If planted in only fairly moist soil with the dry mud over the roots, and dry days follow, the death of the trees from drying is quite certain.
It sometimes happens at the North that evergreens and fruit trees are received in a frozen condition. In such cases it is best to place the boxes or bundles in a cellar without opening. If the roots are tightly packed in moss or other packing, it often happens that such exposure is harmless if the frost is drawn out slowly in the cellar.
The handling, planting, and care of other ornamental plants and trees and small fruits will be given in connection with descriptive notes on varieties and species.