The usual way given in our American fruit-books to lay down the raspberry and blackberry, is to commence at one end of the row and lay down the canes all in one direction in the line of the row. But where laying down is necessary a much better plan is now practised. The rows are laid out east and west and the plants are turned to the north. A deep furrow is turned away from the row on the north side, running the plow as close to the stools as possible. The assistant prepares a cavity in the furrow and the operator crowds over the tops, while with his foot he crowds the crowns toward the open furrow to lessen the bend as the tops are crowded north into the opened cavity, where they are covered with the earth taken out for the reception of the next lot of canes. With some practice in using the fork and pressing with the foot, few canes are broken and the work progresses rapidly. The assistant who covers, soon finds that some straw or litter over the canes, before the earth is thrown on, helps in holding down the canes. In the spring the vines are raised with a round-tined fork. When raised, it will be found that they will not regain the upright position. Some of them partlv broken will remain nearlv horizontal and in the way of cultivation. This is provided for by a wire resting on open iron hooks driven in small low posts close to the row on the north side. In the fall, prior to covering, the wire is dropped down and the vines rest on it. In the spring, as the canes are taken up, the wire is raised, lifting them up to an angle of about 45 degrees. If any of the canes are too upright they are tied to the wire or pressed under it. In this position the fruit-buds develop more evenly and the fruit grows larger and better on account of leaning away from the sun and the shading by the young canes growing upright south of them for next year's fruiting. In practice this plan gives less work and trouble in laying down, increases the quantity and quality of the fruit, and separates the bearing from the new wood, which is a gain in picking the fruit and a gain in summer pinching of the new canes and in cutting out the old canes after bearing. In parts of the country where these fruits are not laid down, the plan of stretching a wire on low stakes north of the rows will answer the purpose of staking. The bearing canes are bent north and tied to the wire and the new canes growing upright are not in the way of fruit-picking, shade to some extent the fruit, and as our summer storms are mainly from the south they are not as liable to be broken down, as they will rest against the bearing canes and wire.