In our relatively new country the oak has not been planted as freely as its merits demand. The impression has been too common that it was a tree of the centuries and that it was too slow in growth to use in the development of an American home. But of late the large nurseries of the Eastern States have propagated it freely, and people are learning that it grows in quite rich soils about as rapidly as the sugar maple. The planting of the best native species in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, in large number after the exposition in 1876 has done much to encourage the planting of the oak.

Trees twenty years old are now about as large as the elms, sycamores, and sugar maples planted at the same time. On the campus of the Agricultural College at Ames, Iowa, the growth of oaks in twenty-five years has about equalled that of the red elm, sugar maple, hackberry, and other popular trees. About all the oaks offered by the New York nurseries do well east of the lakes. But at the West it is best to plant the native species, such as the white bur, chestnut, and pin oaks. Where not obtainable in nurseries, it is far better to plant the acorns in mellow soil than to transplant young trees from their native localities. In practice it has been found that the seedling that throws its tap-root down where the tree is to stand will, in fifteen years, far excel in size and thrift even the nursery-grown tree set at same time four to five years old.

The most rapid-growing, handsome oak with deeply cut leaves known to the writer is the type of Quercus pedunc-ulata, grown on the bluffs of the Volga in Russia. Trees grown from acorns of this species twenty years ago are now fine trees, bearing annual crops of long, slim acorns that sway in the wind on stems four inches long. But the Western chestnut oak {Quercus prinus) on rich soil is about equal to it in growth, but not in ornamental foliage. Red oak {Quercus rubra) also makes rapid growth on rich soil, and its foliage is handsome and richly colored in autumn.