In relatively mild climates of the Eastern and Southern States the Japan weeping and double-flowering cherries noted in catalogues, as single specimens or on certain group borders are unique and handsome. Of the plum family the variegated-leaved varieties of the domestica species, the double-flowered varieties of the myrobalan, the aucuba-leaved bird cherry, double-flowering sloe, and still others, can be used to advantage in planting.
In the West one of the most valuable of the family for shade and ornament is Prunus Maackii. This makes a medium-sized tree with spreading top and large leaves, making a dense shade. Its flowers are pure white in long racemes, fragrant, and retain their freshness in the parlor vase for several days.
The Prunus padus of east Europe is also hardy in the West and makes a beautiful small tree. South of the 42d parallel in the prairie States Prunus aucubifolia, P. triloba, and P. virgata are also hardy if top-worked on our native plum and grown as small trees.
Some of the handsome round-topped morello and griotte cherry-trees, such as Wragg, Spate morello, Shadow morello, and Cerise de otheism, may also have a place in the grouping of large lawns and private places. Without pruning they assume regular forms and their dark-green foliage lasts late in autumn. The heavy loads of fruit are also ornamental as well as useful.