It is usual with most home owners to store vegetables in the cellar under the house. This plan has many objections, not the least of which are the smells, the possible effect on health from decay, and the well-established fact that the cellar air is not favorable for keeping any kind of vegetables in good condition. For amateur use no plan is superior to the dirt-covered cave for this purpose. In section 85 this is recommended for storing orchard-fruit root-grafts, and in section 137 the dirt-covered cave is recommended for keeping early and late winter apples. For the same reasons potatoes, turnips, beets, carrots, parsnips, salsify, and indeed about all vegetables except sweet potatoes will keep without wilting or sprouting in the dirt-covered cave, kept cool by occasional brief opening when the air outside is colder than that in the cave.
Vegetables will keep as well in pits, but for home use it is not as easy at the North to set to them for family use as when in the cave. Cabbage is best kept outside for late use. The heads are set together on level soil with the root sticking up in a shallow trench, and then lightly covered with earth until the cold is severe at the North, when the earth is increased in depth to eight inches, and still later mulch is covered over the pit to prevent hard freezing. But if frozen and left until they thaw out under cover, they will rarely be injured. But for early winter use some heads can be kept in the cave by burying the roots in a box of sand.