If the sprouts or side shoots of cultivated trees or shrubs are cut back quite low in early spring an additional number of succulent sprouts will spring up. If these are carefully mounded the excitable young growth will soon root and can be Fig. 15. - Root or other cuttings planted in trench. detached the next spring. The Paradise apple stocks are usually propagated in this way, as shown in Fig. 16. Roses and many of the shrubs can be cut back in this way and propagated rapidly by mounding. But the mounding of the tender shoots must be gradual and with care, with fine earth that will not injure the tender growth. At the North the rooted plants must be separated in the fall and wintered in pit or cellar or by quite deep burying outside

Mounding of paradise apple and shrubs to secure rooting

Fig. 16. - Mounding of paradise apple and shrubs to secure rooting on dry ground.

Even rooted shoots of plants as hardy as the gooseberry, mock orange, and bush honeysuckle are apt to be injured or killed the first winter after mounding if not cared for as indicated. If mounded shoots do not form roots the first summer they will not fail to make roots the second or third year. But a large number of cultivated plants root the first season.