Planting some of the bony-shelled seeds in autumn answers well the purpose of stratification if properly managed. If planted at proper depth for germination, they are apt to be thrown out by winter and early spring frosts. They are also apt to be eaten by birds, mice, or other vermin, and in spring the soil is baked over them, giving most unfavorable conditions for germination. The writer's plan has been to plant at usual depth and then mounding a ridge of earth two or three inches deep over the line of each row. This defines the line of row, and in spring, with a pronged hoe, the mounding is raked off, leaving a mellow seed-bed. When small seeds, such as those of the grape, raspberry, blackberry, currant, gooseberry, strawberry, and Juneberry, are planted in the fall, the raking off in spring should about reach the seeds. In the relatively dry air of the prairie and arid States the line of row after raking should be covered with boards or mulch until the roots of the delicate seeds start, when the covering is removed.