What is known as June budding at the South gives salable trees of the peach and other trees the first-season from three to five feet in height. The budding is done about the middle to the last of June on stocks grown from the pits planted in very early spring.
The buds are inserted somewhat higher than usual and the bract leaves are left on the stock below the bud-insertion. As soon as the bud is inserted a part of the top is cut back. In eight or ten days the tying is cut and the top cut back, but a stub is left, as shown in Fig. 40, to which the growing shoot is tied. In this Southern method the bud-sticks are cut as wanted, as in August-budding at the North, where growth is not wanted until the next spring.
At the North, spring-budding is done on established stocks one or two years old, using dormant bud-sticks cut the previous autumn or winter. They are kept dormant until the bark peels well by covering with sawdust over ice. The buds are inserted somewhat higher than usual, leaving the bract leaves on below. In cutting the bud is left longer than usual above. After shoving to place the extra length is cut off at the cross-cut of the T. The top is cut back in part when the budding is done, and when the tying is cut still more is taken off, leaving quite a long stub with leaves, on to which the growing shoot is tied. Trees three to four feet high well branched are grown in this way the season the buds are put in. In top-working trees set the preceding year in orchard, this plan gives growth the same season.
Where the citrus fruits are grown, bearing seedling trees are budded in this way by cutting back the tops early the previous season, developing new shoots in which the buds are inserted. In the propagation of species on which the young shoots are very small, the buds are cut from two-year-old wood in spring-budding. This is done usually with the cut-leaved birch, leaving a long spur clothed with leaves at first, to which the growing shoot from the bud is tied to keep it erect.