If grown at home the apple, plum, cherry, and other stocks should stand in nursery as late in autumn as possible, and after taking up they should be heeled in on dry ground outside, with some straw over the tops to still more perfectly ripen the roots. As cold weather comes on at the North they are stored in the cellar without cutting back the tops, as perfectly ripened roots are essential to the most perfect success in root- or crown-grafting in the graft-room. In storing the stocks they are ranked up in a corner of the cellar with earth or sand between the layers of roots. If the seedlings or stocks are ordered, explicit instructions should be given as to the taking up and handling. If taken up too early and the tops cut back for shipment the faulty handling can be detected at once, after some experience, by inspection of the roots. Imported stocks are usually well ripened, as the growers know by experience that imperfectly ripened stocks will not stand the long transportation and that they will arrive in poor condition.