Lyman Prolific

Originated by H. M. Lyman, Excelsior, Minnesota, about thirty-five years ago.

Fruit large, roundish, conical; surface yellow, mostly covered with bright mixed red, with indistinct dark crimson stripes and splashes; dots white, minute; cavity nearly or quite flat, often with protuberances around and against stem; stem long; basin narrow, wrinkled; calyx closed. Core closed; tube conical; stamens median; flesh yellowish white, acid. Good for culinary use. September, October.

Marengo

Said to be a seedling found in the rows of an old seedling nursery of apple-stocks. Discovery attributed to James F. Lester, Marengo, Illinois. Young shoots vigorous, reddish brown, with the gray specks, bloom, and scaly cuticle peculiar to the Siberian.

Fruit large, roundish, flattened at blossom end; surface smooth, bright warm red on yellow ground; dots few, gray or light russet; cavity narrow; stem long, slender; basin broad, open, corrugated; calyx closed; flesh yellowish white, crisp, juicy, a little harsh until fully ripe, when it is a mild and pleasant subacid. Early winter to late in spring. (Downing.)

Martha

Originated by the late Peter M. Gideon, Excelsior, Minnesota.

Fruit large, oblate, very regular; surface smooth, yellow, almost entirely covered with a beautiful bright red, with a bluish bloom, no stripes or splashes; dots white, conspicuous; cavity wide, regular; stem long; basin very wide, nearly flat; segments often nearly obsolete. Core closed; flesh yellowish white, acid, good for culinary use. September to December.

Mary (Gideon's No. 6)

Originated by Peter M. Gideon, Excelsior, Minnesota.

Fruit very large for a crab, oblate, very regular; surface a beautiful solid dark crimson, with heavy blue bloom; dots minute, white, few, obscure; cavity obtuse, regular; stem about one inch long; basin wide, smooth; shallow; calyx closed; segments erect convergent. Core half open; tube funnel-shaped; stamens marginal; cells ovate, entire; flesh white, sharp subacid, good. August, September.

Mercer

A native crab originated in Mercer County, Illinois; introduced by N. K. Fluke, Davenport, Iowa. Apparently a hybrid (Pyrus Iowensis x P. Malus).

Fruit two to two and one-half inches in diameter, oblate, nearly regular, often unequal; surface green, turning to yellow, very oily; dots distinct, many, minute, whitish, a few large dots; cavity wavy, wide at mouth, sloping gradually; stem medium; basin wide, abrupt, ribbed; calyx closed; segments erect converging. Core closed; tube nearly cylindrical, wide, long; stamens extremely marginal, touching the segments; flesh yellowish, with yellow veinings, very firm, astringent, acid; use culinary. Late winter.

Minnesota

Origin, Minnesota.

Fruit very large for a crab, roundish, irregular, obscurely angular, clear light waxen yellow, with faint bronze blush; dots white, minute, many, obscure; cavity obtuse, regular; stem long; basin nearly or quite flat, wrinkled, often corrugated; calyx closed; segments large, divergent. Core closed, meeting; tube conical; stamens marginal; flesh white, firm, juicy, fine-grained, subacid, good. September, October.