Fruit small, angular, flattened, somewhat ribbed, unequal; surface a bright solid crimson, the coloring thinner on shady side showing a little yellow ground; dots few, minute, obscure; cavity regular, obtuse; stem three-quarters inch long; basin flat, slightly corrugated; calyx closed; segments divergent. Core closed; cells round, entire; tube conical; stamens marginal; flesh white, juicy, acid, good for culinary use. September, October.


Considered to be a hybrid of the wild crab and the common apple (Pyrus lowensis X P. Malus); the first of its type to be brought under cultivation. Originated near St. Louis, Missouri, about 1844; introduced by Hon. James Soulard, of Galena, Illinois. The fruit is used for preserves as a substitute for quinces.

Crab Apple Variety: Soulard Crab

Soulard Crab.

Fruit one and one-half to two inches in diameter, oblate, regular; surface green, very oily; dots obscure, many, gray, minute; cavity wide, obtuse, regular; stem long; basin wide, shallow, ribbed; calyx closed, pistil and stamen vestiges often protruding; segments erect convergent. Core closed; cells obovate; tube broad, cylindrical; stamens extremely marginal, touching segments; seeds few, large, plump, some imperfect; flesh greenish white, astringent, sharp acid. Late winter and spring.


Fruit of the pure Pyrus baccata type, with deciduous calyx segments; size round, truncated, one and one-half inches in diameter; surface covered with solid dark crimson, with blue bloom, a handsome fruit; dots obscure, few, russet; cavity wide, obtuse; stem long to very long; basin wide, shallow, smooth; flesh yellow, juicy, firm, pleasant subacid, good for table or culinary. Late fall, early winter.

Rose Of Stanstead

Origin, Stanstead, province of Quebec, Canada. Tree a vigorous grower, attaining very large size when old. "Probably a hybrid."

Fruit large, oblong; surface dark red, very handsome; flesh streaked with red, juicy, brisk subacid; quality the very best for dessert and kitchen; "it makes the finest of jelly on account of its being so red." October.

Sweet Russet

Not of attractive color but worthy of cultivation owing to its good quality for table use. Tree very productive.

Fruit large, roundish oblong conic; surface greenish yellow, mostly covered with a thin russet in irregular patches and open net-work; dots large, gray, scattered; cavity acute, russet; stem long; basin narrow, flat, corrugated; calyx closed; flesh rich, sweet, very good. August, September.


Origin, near Lake Minnetonka, Minnesota. Of the pure Pyrus baccata type, with deciduous calyx segments.

Fruit medium, oblate, regular; surface orange yellow, nearly covered with bright red, with light bloom; dots large, gray, many; cavity wide, regular, obtuse; stem long; basin shallow, smooth; calyx entirely closed, with no opening into core; segments deciduous, leaving a round yellow russet patch in bottom. Core closed; cells ovate, entire; seeds few, many imperfect; flesh yellowish, acid, good for culinary use. October.