Transcendent

Origin, America. One of the best market varieties, but in many sections is much subject to blight.

Fruit medium to large, roundish to roundish oblong, flattened at ends, somewhat angular; surface a clear bright golden yellow, striped and thinly shaded with crimson, with delicate white bloom, a beautiful fruit; dots obscure, few, minute, white; cavity regular, obtuse; stem long, stout; basin nearly flat, somewhat corrugated; calyx closed; segments large, leafy. Core closed; tube conical; stamens marginal; flesh creamy yellow, crisp, acid, somewhat astringent, changing when fully ripe to a pleasant agreeable subacid. August, September.

Crab Apple Variety: Transcendent Crab

Transcendent Crab.

Van Wyck

A chance seedling on the farm of Miss Caroline Van Wyck, Fishkill, Dutchess County, New York. Tree vigorous, upright, productive.

Fruit large, roundish, slightly conic; surface smooth, whitish, shaded and mottled with light bright red, and covered with a thin bloom; stem rather long, slender; cavity rather narrow, deep; calyx closed; basin medium, smooth. Core small and closed; flesh whitish, fine, rather firm, moderately juicy, rather rich, honeyed sweet, good. September. (Downing.)

Virginia

Found about forty years ago mixed among trees of the old Hewes Virginia by N. K. Fluke, Davenport, Iowa. In Iowa and Wisconsin the Virginia has been found very hardy and desirable as a stock for top-grafting owing to its wide-spreading top and vigorous growth.

Fruit medium, roundish, flattened, regular; surface yellow, thinly covered with red, sometimes nearly solid red; cavity obtuse, regular, slightly russeted; stem long; basin nearly or quite flat, corrugated and wrinkled; calyx closed; flesh juicy, acid, good for culinary use. September, November.

Whitney. (Whitney No. 20). - Origin, Illinois. Popular and widely planted at the West. Good for table and excellent for culinary use and cider.

Fruit large, roundish to roundish oblong, nearly regular, sometimes obscurely angular; clear waxen yellow, almost wholly covered with lively dark red, delicately shaded, with dark crimson splashes, a handsome fruit; dots few, minute, white, obscure; cavity wide, obtuse, regular, trace of light russet; stem one inch long; basin nearly or quite flat, wrinkled; calyx closed; segments erect convergent. Core closed; tube funnel-shaped; cells ovate, slit; flesh yellow, tender, juicy, subacid, very good. August, early September.

Crab Apple Variety: Whitney Crab

Whitney Crab.

Yellow Siberian

The Red Siberian and Yellow Siberian are good representatives of the pure Siberian Crab (Pyrus baccata). The deciduous calyx segments are marked characteristics. Trees forty years old in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and other parts of the Northwest demonstrate their hardiness.

Fruit small, roundish, flattened at ends, angular, irregular; surface smooth, a rich yellow; cavity regular, obtuse; stem very long; basin flat, wrinkled; calyx closed; flesh yellow, juicy, acid.

Downing wrote concerning the Yellow Siberian: "This scarcely differs from the common Siberian Crab except in its fruit, which is rather larger, and of a fine amber or golden yellow. Both this and the red are beautiful ornaments to the fruit garden in summer and autumn, and are equally esteemed for preserves and jellies. September."