Bismarck

Origin, New Zealand. As seen in 1894 by the writer in the nursery of the introducer at Erfurt, Germany, this variety fruits freely on one-year old shoots from the bud; this habit of fruiting on one-year wood, together with its large size has caused it to be boomed extensively. In Dakota and Iowa it has proved tender and subject to blight.

Fruit large, roundish oblate, slightly tapering, somewhat ribbed toward calyx; surface greenish yellow, polished, partially covered with dull red obscure splashes, some russet-net veining; dots obscure, few, whitish, minute; cavity acute, regular, with radiate russet; stem medium; basin abrupt, nearly smooth, with fine wrinkles, calyx open; segments erect convergent. Core half open; cells round, slit; tube conical; stamens basal; seeds short, plump, few; flesh whitish with green veinings, rather coarse-grained, lively, brisk subacid good only. Earlv winter.

Jersey Black

An old variety; tree of moderate growth, spreading round head with drooping limbs, productive.

Fruit medium, round, angular, irregular, somewhat ribbed; surface smooth, wholly covered with deep red, with darker stripes, giving a purple, almost black, color, often with thin bloom; dots many, minute, indented, purple; cavity deep, acute, russet, often wavy or folded; stem variable; basin shallow, corrugated; calyx closed. Core medium, usually closed, clasping; seeds many, short, plump; pointed, dark; flesh yellow, crisp, juicy, often stained pink or reddish, mild, aromatic, agreeable subacid, good. Early winter.

Black Annette

An old variety brought from Marietta, Ohio, in 1866, by Aaron Plumley, and largely grown for many years in Cedar and Muscatine counties, Iowa. It docs not seem to be the Black Annette of Downing as the fruit keeps till June or later. Has been raised in northern Iowa and merits attention.

Fruit medium, roundish oblate, regular; surface green, almost wholly covered with dark brownish red, with darker splashes, well-colored specimens black red, with splashes mostly lost in the depth of coloring; dots very conspicuous, large, numerous, whitish and russet; cavity regular, obtuse, green and russet; stem medium to long; basin shallow, wide, smooth, sometimes leather-cracked; calyx open; segments erect convergent. Core closed, distant; cells round, nearly entire; tube funnel-shaped; stamens median; seeds short, plump; flesh white, mild, pleasant, subacid, very good. Season, all winter and spring.

Black Ben Davis

Originated about thirty years ago on the farm of the Rev. M. Black, near Lincoln, Washington County, Arkansas. Reagan was at first given preference, but the above name has priority, and the name Reagan resembles too closely Ragan, an old Indiana vari-. ety. It now appears that Mr. Reagan bought the farm from Mr. Black after the tree came into bearing. Recently introduced; promising.

Fruit large, form much like Ben Davis, the skin also becoming unctuous like that variety; surface very handsomely colored, a dark solid crimson, almost black crimson on sunny side, on shaded side the yellow ground-color shows through, no true stripes nor splashes, but shading varies in depth of coloring; dots distinct, few, minute, yellow; cavity obtuse, medium deep, with stellate russet; stem short; basin deep, abrupt, sharp-rimmed, somewhat ribbed; calyx open. Core closed, small, pointed; cells obovate, axile, entire; tube funnel-shaped; stamens marginal; seeds few, long, pointed, large, some imperfect; flesh yellowish white, moderately juicy, mild, pleasant subacid; quality good, better than Ben Davis. Winter.