Black Oxford

Origin, Maine; there esteemed for its long keeping and productiveness; at Cedar Falls, Iowa, it has done well top-grafted. Fruit medium, roundish oblate, slightly conical; surface yellow, nearly covered with dark solid brownish red, overlaid with gray net-veining, a peculiar color; dots numerous, conspicuous, light, a few large russet dots; cavity deep, russeted, the russet sometimes extending out over base in large irregular patches; stem long, curved; basin shallow, wrinkled, somewhat leather-cracked; calyx open; segments erect convergent. Core closed, outline irregular; cells ovate; tube funnel-shaped; stamens median; flesh whitish, firm, moderately juicy, mild subacid, good. March to May.


Origin, Kentucky.

Fruit very large, round, somewhat conical, flattened at base, regular; surface greenish yellow, obscurely striped; cavity deep, slightly russeted; stem short; basin somewhat corrugated; calyx half open; flesh white, crisp, fine-grained, juicy, mild, agreeable subacid, good. December to April.

Blenheim (Blenheim Pippin, Blenheim Orange)

An old variety from Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England; tree of strong, vigorous growth, a regular and abundant bearer.

Fruit large, roundish oblate, slightly conical, very regular; surface very smooth, yellow, becoming deep orange, shaded with solid dull brown red, obscurely streaked darker red on sunny side, sometimes mixed with russet; dots obscure, few, russet, small; cavity regular obtuse, with large patch of radiating russet; stem short, stout; basin medium, regular, smooth; calyx open, large; segments short, small. Core open; cells large, roomy, obovate, axile; tube funnel-shaped; stamens median; flesh yellow, juicy, peculiar mild spicy subacid, good. October to December.

Bloomless And Coreless

Origin doubtful; varieties of this description have long been known and described. The tree produces flowers with well-developed essential organs, especially the pistils, but the petals are wanting.

Fruit small, dull red, mixed with yellowish green; quality fair. As grown by G. W. Robinette, of Flag Pond, Virginia, the core is usually well developed, with a secondary and even a tertiary core with a few seeds in each, extending towards the calyx, causing an opening there nearly one-half inch in width and depth. Not valuable for the fruit, a curiosity only. (H. E. Van Deman, U. S. Agr. Rep., 1889.)

Blue Anis

Origin, Russia. (See Anis, p. 37.)

Fruit small, roundish, tapering, angular; skin thin, semi-transparent, and pale yellow to yellowish white, splashed with bright crimson on sunny side; dots very minute, white, obscure; cavity regular, acute, deep, narrow, with russet patch; stem short, touching along lower part of cavity; basin narrow, abrupt, rather shallow, corrugated and wrinkled; calyx closed. Core half open, meeting; tube conical; stamens median; flesh white, juicy, fine-grained, pleasant subacid, good. Fall.