Origin, Tennessee; resembles its "twin-brother" Paragon closely, and by some regarded superior to that variety in size, color, and productiveness; both are considered seedlings of Winesap. The Gilbert of Minnesota is very different (see Minnesota Gilbert).
Fruit large, roundish oblate, unequal; skin thick, tough; surface smooth, yellow, washed with dark red over most of the base and indistinctly striped; dots variable, light russet and brown; cavity large, regular, deep, gradual, slightly lipped and lined with gilded russet; stem short, moderately stout; basin large, regular, deep, abrupt, slightly furrowed; calyx large, open; segments short, wide, converging. Core large, conical, clasping, nearly closed; seeds few, large, angular, brown; flesh greenish yellow, moderately coarse, crisp, juicy, subacid, very good. Late winter. (U. S. Agr. Report, 1895.)
Fruit rather small to medium, roundish oblong, regular, somewhat cylindrical; surface very smooth, often polished, greenish yellow, almost or wholly covered with deep rich red, obscurely striped and splashed; dots minute, indented; cavity deep, acute, regular, rus-seted; stem very short; basin wide, rather deep, regular or slightly furrowed; calyx small, closed. Core round, closed; cells round, slit; tube funnel-shaped; stamens median; seeds few, large, pointed, plump; flesh yellow, firm, juicy, crisp, agreeable rich subacid nearly sweet, becomes tender and sprightly late in spring, good. February to May.
Origin, Russia; one of the hardiest, most vigorous and productive of the Russian apples at Ottawa, Canada, where the fruit keeps till February. A fall apple at Des Moines, Iowa.
Fruit above medium to large, irregular, oblate, angular; surface very highly colored, a clear light waxen yellow, almost wholly covered with bright solid dark crimson on sunny side, on shady side the crimson is thinly marbled and mottled like a water-color painting; dots distinct, few, minute, white; cavity regular, acute, with stellate russet; stem short; basin wide, rather shallow, angular, occasionally abrupt; calyx closed; segments connivent. Core open; cells elliptical, slit, roomy; tube conical; stamens marginal; seeds large; flesh snow-white, slightly stained next to the skin, very tender, breaking, juicy, sprightly acid, good. August.
A Russian variety much resembling Oldenburg and by some thought identical. The Russian Apple Nomenclature Commission placed it in the group of which Oldenburg is the best representative.