Originated with E. R. McKinney, Lacon, Illinois; tree vigorous, forming a round compact head, productive.
Fruit medium, irregular, oblate, unequal; surface smooth, yellow and green, slight bronze blush with russet patches; dots very distinct, numerous, green, large, some with russet centres; cavity narrow, acute, green, with trace of russet; stem stout, short; basin wavy, minutely wrinkled, abrupt medium; segments divergent, long, leafy. Core open; cells ovate, abaxile, slit; tube conical; stamens median; seeds short, plump, pointed; flesh yellow, firm, fine-grained, juicy, mild subacid, pleasant, good. October to January in northern Illinois.
Fruit quite small, regular, sometimes unequal, flattened; surface smooth, polished, pale yellow with brilliant deep red, approaching to crimson on sunny side; dots obscure, numerous, white, minute; cavity wide, deep, regular, obtuse, with green rays and stellate russet; stem medium to long; basin wide, shallow, slightly corrugated; calyx closed; segments divergent. Core closed; cells obovate, axile, slit; tube conical; stamens marginal; seeds plump, short, numerous; flesh white, crisp, tender, very juicy, sweet, slightly perfumed, excellent. December to May.
Origin, New York. Downing considered this variety, which originated in his neighborhood, Newburgh, N. Y., one of the finest winter-sweet apples for the dessert, yet known or cultivated in this country, and describes it fully as follows:
" Fruit large, roundish ovate, narrowing pretty rapidly to the eye; surface very smooth, nearly covered with red in the sun, but pale yellowish green in the shade, with broken stripes of pale red; red sprinkled with well-marked yellowish gray dots, and covered, when first gathered, with a thin white bloom; on shaded side there is generally a faint marbling of cloudy white over the red, and rays of same around the stalk; cavity shallow; stem half an inch long; basin shallow, plaited, narrow; calyx quite small; flesh greenish white, exceedingly tender, juicy, and crisp, with a delicious, sprightly, agreeable perfumed flavor, very good to best; keep without shrivelling or losing its flavor till May."
Origin, Lankford, Maryland; tree vigorous, productive.
Fruit medium, oblate to roundish oblate, sides sometimes unequal or a little oblique, often flattened at the ends; surface pale green, shaded with pale and dark red over half or more of its surface; dots few, large, light and grayish - many areole; cavity large, deep, greenish; stem rather short, slender; basin large, rather deep, slightly corrugated; calyx closed or partially open. Core small; flesh whitish, a little coarse, tender, moderately juicy, mild subacid, inclining to sweet. December, May.