Nixonite (Ozark Mammoth)

Originated "on the farm of M. Nixon, near Hopewell, Mo., some fifty or seventy-five years ago. It came up from seed alongside of an old lead mine." Tree not an early bearer but productive with age. Much grown in southeastern Missouri.

Fruit large to very large, roundish, truncated, nearly regular sometimes unequal; surface clear rich yellow, overlaid with whitish; dots obscure, numerous, white, minute, suffused, a few large russet dots; cavity deep, narrow, acute, lined with stellate russet; stem short; basin abrupt, wavy, medium; calyx open; segments divergent, long, pointed. Core open, abaxile, wide, flattened; cells round, slit; tube funnel-shaped stamens median; seeds plump; flesh yellowish, with yellow veinings, juicy, crisp, sprightly, spicy, subacid, very good. Winter.

Northern Spy

Originated about 1800 in East Bloomfield, near Rochester, New York; tree blooms late and is of rapid upright growth, spreading with age, not an early bearer but productive when old, needs high culture and pruning to admit the sun and air to the fruit.

Apple Variety: Northern Spy

Northern Spy.

Fruit, large; form roundish, oblate, conical, obscurely angular; surface smooth, greenish yellow, thinly covered with light and dark purplish red overlaid with a thin whitish bloom; dots, obscure, few, yellow, minute; cavity very wide, deep, sometimes with radiating russet; stem medium; rather slender; basin narrow, abrupt, furrowed; calyx small, closed; segments flat convergent, very small. Core large, open; cells ovate, entire; tube funnel-shaped; stamens median; seeds numerous, short, plump; flesh white, fine-grained; juicy, tender, delicious, spicy, subacid, very good to best. December to June.

Northern Sweet

Origin, St. George, Vermont; desirable for the home orchard.

Fruit large, roundish conical, angular; surface whitish yellow with bronze blush; dots obscure, numerous, minute, russet and whitish, cavity shallow, regular, wide, obtuse, with radiate russet; stem, medium to long; basin narrow, ribbed, angular, abrupt, shallow; calyx open; segments divergent. Core closed; cells round, slit; tube funnel-shaped, large; stamens median; seeds plump; flesh white, with yellow veinings, sweet, good. September, October.


Origin, Vermont; tree rather vigorous with roundish head.

Fruit large, roundish oblate, sides unequal; surface whitish yellow, blushed and faintly striped with red and netted more or less with russet; cavity broad, moderately deep, slightly russeted; stem one inch long, rather stout; basin wide, abrupt, moderately deep, corrugated; calyx medium, nearly closed. Core medium, closed; tube long, funnel-shaped; flesh juicy, crisp, tender, mild subacid; quality rather poor. [Downing wrote "good for cooking."] Season September to December. (Mich. Exp. Sta. Bul., 169, p. 787.)

Northwestern Greening

Origin, Waupaca Co., Wisconsin; introduced in 1872 by E. W. Daniels.

Fruit large to very large, roundish oblong, slightly conical, truncated, regular; surface yellowish green, unctuous; dots white, small, some with gray bases, a few large russet dots; cavity regular, deep, acute, sometimes slightly russeted; stem rather short; basin regular, finely wrinkled around the eye; calyx open. Core closed, clasping; tube funnel-shaped, broad; stamens median; flesh greenish yellow, firm, juicy, subacid, good. All winter.

J. S. Harris: "It does a little better top - worked on hardy stocks, i.e., crabs and hybrids." (Minn. Hort. Rep., 1895, p. 155.)

Nottingham Brown

Origin, Pennsylvania.

Fruit large, roundish; skin medium thick, tenacious; surface with raised dots, and russet knobs, yellow, washed with mixed crimson, splashes, and broad broken stripes of dark crimson; dots prominent, areole; cavity regular, large, deep, with russet markings; stem short, stout; basin regular, large, deep, abrupt, with furrows and corrugations; calyx small, closed; segments long, converging. Core conical, small, clasping, partially open; seeds numerous, medium, plump, brown; flesh yellowish, satiny, moderately fine, breaking, juicy, sprightly subacid, good to very good. Winter. (U. S. Div. of Pomology, 1902.)

Apple Variety: Northwestern Greening

Northwestern Greening

Doctor Noyes

Origin, America.

Fruit small, oblate, ribbed; skin thin, tenacious; surface moderately smooth, yellowish, washed over nearly entire surface with dark crimson, a few broken stripes of yellow on pale red, without bloom; dots few, yellowish; cavity wide, large, deep, russet extending over surrounding surface; stem short, slender, downy; basin regular, large, deep, abrupt, furrows and down; calyx small, closed; segments small, converging. Core oblate, clasping, medium; seeds numerous, plump, medium, brown; flesh yellowish, fine, tender, juicy, subacid, very good. Winter. (U. S. Div. of Pomology, 1902.)