Origin, Russia; exceedingly productive and a good substitute for Red June where that variety winter-kills.
Fruit small, oblong, obscurely angular, somewhat flattened at ends; surface a fine solid dark red (like a highly colored Red June); dots very minute, white, obscure, many; cavity regular, shallow to nearly flat, slightly russeted; stem medium to long; basin nearly flat, with about five prominences around the eye; calyx closed; segments long, reflexed. Core open; cells ovate, slit; seeds about twelve, short, plump; flesh sprightly subacid, juicy, much stained throughout with the same beautiful color as the skin, very good. July, August. Reagan. - See Black Ben Davis.
Fruit above medium, roundish, somewhat conical; surface smooth, greenish yellow, almost entirely covered with mottled, marbled and striped deep crimson, with delicate white bloom, a beautiful fruit; dots minute; cavity shallow, regular, obtuse, russeted; stem short; basin shallow, smooth, sometimes a little irregular; calyx small, closed. Core closed, barely clasping; cells open, obovate; tube funnel-shaped; stamens marginal or median; seeds many, angular, plump, small; flesh white, crisp, juicy, brisk acid, good. Late July, early August.
An old variety of American origin, formerly much grown in New England and other parts of the East; the tree is of irregular, slow growth and productive in most localities, but to overcome its slender growth should be top-grafted on Northern Spy, Tolman, or other strong-growing variety.
Fruit medium to large, oblate, slightly conical, obscurely angular; surface smooth, rich yellow, mostly shaded with deep red and crimson, with rather indistinct stripes and splashes on sunny side; dots distinct, many, large, gray and yellow; cavity deep, wide, wavy, russeted; stem short, slender; basin narrow, abrupt, shallow, slightly wrinkled and irregular; calyx small, closed; segments long. Core small, barely clasping, closed; tube conical; seeds imperfect; flesh yellowish white, crisp, fine-grained, tender, juicy, brisk aromatic, subacid, very good to best. All winter.
Supposed origin, North Carolina; tree very vigorous, upright, an early and abundant bearer, highly esteemed in many parts of the South and West as the best early market apple; not hardy in northern Iowa.
Red June, Carolina.
Fruit medium or below, roundish oblong, irregular, often unequal, somewhat conical; surface smooth, unctuous, almost wholly shaded with deep solid red, purplish or nearly black red on sunny side with delicate bloom; dots obscure, many, very minute, white; cavity narrow, regular, acute, with slight trace of russet; stem variable; basin narrow, smooth or slightly corrugated; calyx closed; segments long, divergent. Core wide open, rather large; cells elliptical, abaxile, slit; tube funnel-shaped; stamens marginal; seeds numerous, black brown; flesh very white, tender, delicate, juicy, fine-grained, sprightly, agreeable, subacid, very good. July.