Origin, Burlington, New Jersey; tree very productive, of moderate vigor, spreading, irregular. One of the hardiest of the old eastern varieties for central and northern Iowa; the size and color are against it for market.
Fruit medium or below, roundish, often irregular and unequal; surface smooth, rich yellow, with faint bronze blush, sometimes with patches of russet, and a few reddish specks; dots distinct, many, russet or green; size variable, mostly small; cavity wide, shallow, obtuse, usually with a large lip or fleshy protuberance against the stem - this is typical of the variety although occasionally absent; stem short; basin narrow, abrupt, wavy, somewhat corrugated; calyx closed; segments erect convergent. Core closed, barely clasping; cells ovate, slit; tube conical; stamens median; seeds many, plump, pointed; flesh yellow, with yellow veinings, tender, juicy, spicy, rich, subacid, excellent. November to March.
Originated in southern Ohio by H. N. Gillett; tree moderate grower, round-headed, very productive, an early bearer, blooms late.
Fruit large, roundish oblate, sometimes slightly conical; surface smooth, pale yellow, mostly covered with mixed bright red, striped and splashed, a beautiful fruit; dots distinct, many, russet, rather large; cavity wide, obtuse, wavy, lined with greenish russet; stem medium; basin abrupt, smooth, rather shallow; calyx closed; segments erect convergent. Core closed, meeting; cells obovate, entire; tube broad, funnel-shaped; stamens median; seeds long, plump, pointed; flesh yellow, coarse-grained, tender, juicy, sprightly subacid, good. Early winter.
Romna (No. 599; Romenskoe). - Origin, Russia.
Fruit large, very regular, roundish, conical; surface smooth, green, with faint bronze blush; dots distinct, many, large, gray; cavity regular, acute; stem medium, stout; basin narrow, wrinkled, very shallow; calyx closed. Core closed, clasping; tube funnel-shaped; stamens median; flesh white, firm, pleasant subacid, good. Late winter and spring.
Imported from Russia.
Fruit medium, roundish oblate, somewhat conical, sometimes broadly furrowed; surface yellow, mostly covered with bright rosy crimson stripes and splashes on sunny side, overlaid with whitish net-veining; dots few, obscure, light gray, some distinct with dark centres; cavity regular, obtuse, deep, with trace of russet; stem short; basin shallow, wide, corrugated and ribbed; calyx small, open; segments divergent. Core open, clasping; cells ovate, abaxile, slit; tube broadly conical; stamens median; seeds flat, often imperfect, long, pointed; flesh white, with faint yellow veinings, finegrained, crisp, juicy, mild, pleasant subacid, very good. Late winter.