University (Duchess No. 103)

Originated about 1882 from seed of Duchess by C. G. Patten, Charles City, Iowa.

Fruit large, oblate, very regular; surface a clear yellow with orange yellow on sunny side; dots minute, white, some distinct russet dots with white bases; cavity wide, deep, obtuse, regular; stem short to medium; basin very wide and shallow, with irregular prominences around the eye; calyx open; segments flat convergent. Core partially open, clasping; cells round, widely slit; tube funnel-shaped; stamens marginal; seeds not many, plump; flesh yellow with some yellow veinings, pleasant subacid, very good. Late fall.

Utter (Utter Red)

Origin, Wisconsin. Much grown in Wisconsin and other parts of the West. The fruit is remarkable for the decided variation shown in specimens from different parts of the tree. Some exhibitors at fruit displays sometimes take advantage of this fact to increase their number of " varieties."

Fruit above medium to large, the typical form is roundish oblate (sometimes roundish, somewhat elongated, angular, and flattened at ends); surface yellow, splashed, mottled, striped, and much dotted with light red (from interior of tree sometimes only a clear waxen pale yellow); dots white, minute, many, a few small russet dots; cavity regular, deep, usually with trace of russet; stem medium; basin rather shallow, wavy, or ribbed; calyx closed; segments very small, divergent. Core open or closed, clasping; cells obovate, slit; tube funnel-shaped; stamens median; seeds not many, very large and plump; flesh white, fine-grained, tender, juicy, mild, pleasant subacid, good. November, December.