Supposed origin, New Jersey; described by Coxe in 1817 as one of the best cider and eating apples of his region (western New Jersey), very popular in parts of the South and West. One of the leading apples for export. Some of its known or supposed seedlings, such as Stayman, Gilbert, Paragon, and Arkansas, are larger in fruit and are considered superior in vigor of tree. For export their superiority to the parent has not yet been established. Tree moderately vigorous, with rather open, straggling head; very productive and an earlv bearer.

Fruit medium, roundish conical, often obscurely angular and slightly ribbed; skin moderately thick, very tough; surface smooth, rich dark yellow, mostly covered with fine lively dark red, sometimes obscurely striped, often with russet net-veining, especially toward the base; dots few, minute, indented toward the apex, distinctly elongated toward base; cavity wide, regular, acute, lined with reddish stellate russet, sometimes extending out a little over base; stem medium; basin narrow, shallow, plaited; calyx closed; segments flat convergent. Core slightly open, clasping, turbinate; cells ovate, slit; tube funnel-shaped; stamens marginal; seeds few, medium, short, plump, rather short, brown; flesh yellow, firm, crisp, fine-grained, rich, sprightly subacid, very good. December to May.

Winter St. Lawrence. - Imported in 1833 from Manchester, Eng., under the name of Mank's Codling, by the late Wm. Lunn, of Montreal; given its present name by the Montreal Horticultural Society about 1873; tree a vigorous, round-topped grower; fruit of the Fameuse type of flesh, but not as high in quality as that variety.

Fruit medium to large, roundish, somewhat conical; surface greenish yellow, mostly covered with deep shaded red, with dark purplish red splashes and stripes; dots many, whitish, large, distinct, sometimes small russet patches; cavity wide, rather deep, obtuse, sometimes russeted; stem short, slender; basin narrow, nearly smooth; calyx closed or half open. Core small; flesh white, juicy, sprightly subacid, good. Early winter.

Apple Variety: Winesap



Origin, Texas; size medium to large; quality very good; season medium early. Mentioned in Bul. 8, Div. of Pomology.

Wolf River

Originated with W. A. Springer, near Wolf River, Fremont, Wis., and disposed of before fruiting to the late Henry Riflen; supposed to be a seedling of the Alexander, which it somewhat resembles, but is more round and less conical and averages larger, as grown in the West. The Wolf River has largely superseded Alexander in the western States; tree a strong spreading grower, not an early bearer, but productive in alternate years.

Apple Variety: Wythe


Fruit very large, often enormous, roundish to roundish oblate, somewhat irregular and angular, especially when overgrown; surface whitish yellow, almost wholly covered with bright red and rosy crimson, with carmine splashes and thin whitish bloom, a very handsome fruit; dots white, obscure; cavity regular, deep, somewhat acuminate, medium width, russeted; stem short; basin narrow, abrupt, wavy; calyx half open. Core open, clasping, medium size; cells rounded, ovate, slit; tube conical; stamens median; seeds not many, short, plump; flesh whitish, coarse-grained, moderately juicy, pleasant subacid, good only. October to midwinter.