Prof. Bailey calls especial attention to the fact that nearly all the so-called European varieties now propagated are American-grown seedlings of supposed European parentage. But in some cases a natural cross with our native sweet chestnut seems quite evident. This is specially true of such varieties as Bartram, Paragon, and Ridgely, where a change has been wrought in tree, leaf, and quality of fruit.


Medium in size, reddish brown, downy at tip; very productive. New Jersey.


Medium in size, downy at tip; dark red in color; very good in quality; uniformly three nuts in a burr. New Jersey.


Large, dark brown, ridged, pubescent at tip. Propagated in Pennsylvania.


Medium to large, often three in a burr; very good; comes into bearing when very young. New Jersey.


Large, and said to be better in quality than its parent the Ridgely. Propagated in Delaware.

Chestnut Paragon



Medium to large, dark brown, striped; pubescent at tip; very good; early to ripen. Delaware.


Medium, light-colored, tomentose. Popular in Delaware.


Large to very large, shell smooth; quality good. This is a leading variety propagated in Pennsylania, Delaware, New-Jersey, and other States. Originated in Pennsylvania.


Large, broad, plump, downy; color dull brown; very good. Tree hardy and is propagated in several States. It may be a hybrid. Pennsylvania.


Medium to large, quite downy; dark brown; quality very good. Propagated in several States. Delaware.


Medium, brown, glossy, downy at tip; said to be free from attack of weevil mainly. New Jersey.


Medium, pointed, dark brown, striped. Hardy and profitable. Pennsylvania.

Spanish (Marron)

Large, and best in quality. Grown under this name in Ohio and New Jersey. A round-topped handsome shade-tree and valuable for its nuts.