In this division is included the varieties that appear to be intermediate between the red and black species. But it is only a horticultural division, as some that are included only propagate from sprouts, while the true purple-cane varieties propagate from the tips like the Shaffer and Ellisdale. See Section 244 of Part I.

Addison

Medium to large, roundish; color brownish red. Flesh firm, juicy, very good; roots from the tips, but fruit has red-raspberry flavor. Is liked where known. Vermont.

Cardinal

Large, red, soft, juicy, and better in quality than Shaffer. A peculiar variety, as when young it propagates from the tips, but later it develops suckers which load with fruit as if they were subterranean stems of the parent plants. A satisfactory home variety. Kansas.

Caroline

Medium to large, roundish oblate; color salmon yellow. Flesh soft, juicy, very good; rather soft yet much grown for home use and near markets. New York.

Catawissa

Size medium, round, somewhat flattened; color dark reddish purple; quality very good. Still grown in New York and Georgia. Pennsylvania.

Colossal

A seedling of Shaffer, grown in Indiana, much like its parent, but as grown in Iowa it has better color and endures drouth much better. Indiana.

Columbian

Large, roundish; color purple. Flesh firm, juicy, subacid, good. Commercially grown in several States. New York.

Ellisdale

Large, roundish oval; color light purple, with whitish bloom. Flesh firm, juicy, rich; quality better than good. Canes are strong, light red, and only propagate from the tip. A remarkable variety that has been overlooked by planters and propagators, as it was propagated locally nearly forty years ago. Iowa.

Philadelphia

Medium, roundish; color dark crimson or purplish red. Flesh quite soft, juicy, well-flavored, good. The true variety has canes much thicker at the base and gradually decreasing in size to the top. This is still valuable below the forty-second parallel East and West. Pennsylvania.

Redfield

Much like Shaffer in shape and color, but better in quality. The canes are stocky, not liable to breaking in storms, and it endures drouth much better than Shaffer. In Iowa this variety is rapidly becoming commercial.

Reliance

Large, roundish, or roundish oblate; color red or crimson. Flesh firm, juicy, sweet, sprightly, good. Rapidly becoming commercial. New Jersey.

Sarah

Large, round, garnet - colored, very juicy; quality very good. Season, later than its parent the Cuthbert. One of Professor Saunders' valuable productions. Canada.

Raspberry: Sarah. Reduced. Shaffer

Sarah. Reduced. Shaffer.

Shaffer (Shaffer's Colossal)

Large, roundish; color dark red or dull purple. Flesh soft, quite acid, good; starred and double-starred across the continent. It has the Blackcap habit, but the fruit is much like the red varieties in color and flavor. New York.