A handsome evergreen tree. Fruits pear-shaped, about the size of a Bartlett pear, with a single, quite large seed. When the thin skin is ripe it can be peeled from the pulp, which is quite firm and buttery, and it is eaten with orange-or lime-juice, or with pepper and salt. Nearly all persons like it at first trial, and epicures are willing to pay fancy prices for it. The fruit is picked at intervals of from ten to fourteen days for a period of two months. Grown in South Florida, Texas, Arizona, and in California as far North as San Francisco.
A species of Passion-vine common in California and the Gulf region, bearing fruits about the size of a pullet's egg, purple in color, with thin brittle shell enclosing a mass of seeds covered with yellow pleasantly acid pulp, from which an excellent jelly is made.
A small tree. The orange-red fruits, one-half to three-quarters inch long, on short stalks, are produced on plants three years old. They are used for making the jujube paste of the confectioner which is much prized in Asia, and in this country where known. Grown in Florida, Texas, Arizona, and California.
A round-topped handsome evergreen tree, the fruit of which is a staple article of food in the tropics during the hottest months. Prior to the freeze of 1886 it was regarded a valuable fruit in South Florida for home use and shipping; 125,000 of the large fruits were shipped to Northern markets in 1884. The fruit is four to five inches long, kidney-shaped, with smooth skin; color pale green to yellow, with light red cheek; the flesh of the best varieties is sweet, luscious, and prized for dessert use in most markets of the world adjacent to subtropical climates. Grown in Southern Florida, near Brownsville, Texas, and in extreme South California.
A small, round-topped, ornamental tree. The fruit is oblong oval, fully six inches long, with but one large seed. Flesh yellowish red, soft, very sweet, with quite good flavor; marmalade is made from its pulp, hence the name Marmalade Plum. Grown in the West Indies and to some extent in lower Florida.
Melon Shrub; Pepino (Solanum muricatum). - An erect bushy shrub with small narrow leaves. Fruit egg-shaped, four to six inches long; color yellow, with streaks and splashes of violet-purple. Flesh aromatic, tender, juicy, and in flavor fair to good, reminding one of the tomato and melon. As with the tomato, it needs some education of the palate to be relished for table use. Grown as an annual in Florida, Texas, Arizona, and California, and can be grown in the prairie States by starting the plants very early in pots. It bears the second year from the seed, and the fruit ripens in successive crops for several months in mild climates. Grown in Florida, and westward to South California; also grown under glass in the North.
This is known in tropical climates as "melon zapote" (Carica papaya). In mild climates it forms a tree with stem like a palm, and immense leaves near the top which are often twenty-four inches across, palmately seven-lobed. Fruit six to twelve inches long, and half as much in diameter, hanging from the axils of the large leaves. As grown in California, Prof. Wickson says: "It ripens its fruit the third year from seed - the fruit being pleasant to eat as one would a muskmelon. The large fig-like leaves and peculiar markings of the trunk make the tree a very striking object." Grown in South Florida, near Brownsville, Texas, in South Arizona, and in South California.
A small tree planted for ornament and for its fruits. The fruits are scarlet, warty, three-quarters of an inch in diameter, and very agreeable in flavor; as it ripens the fruits range through shades of yellow, orange, and deep red, and contrast grandly with the glossy evergreen foliage. Grown from Florida to South California, and it runs into two or three marked varieties.
One of the most beautiful and useful of the tropical trees, with acacia-like foliage. It is grown without protection in Southern Florida, near the mouth of the Rio Grande in Texas, and in Southern California. Its thick fleshy pods contain an acid pulp used for cooling drinks in hot climates over the world. The pulp preserved without sugar by drying is used in various ways and is regarded as a laxative, a cure for sore throat, and specially as a refrigerant for cooling bodily heat in hot periods.
A tree-shaped, half-woody plant, with large, soft, pubescent leaves. Fruit about size of a duck's egg, with reddish color. It is used as a dessert fruit by those who like ripe tomatoes, and when stewed with sugar it has a slight subacid flavor which is much liked by most people. It also makes an excellent jelly.
A fine evergreen tree grown in South Florida, Arizona, and California. Fruit about the size of a Navel orange, greenish yellow. Flesh or pulp soft, rather rich, and with a decided peach flavor. It has been said that in Mexico its use as a fruit favors sound sleeping, and an infusion of the leaves is used for diarrhoea.