Systematic Pomology

Preliminary Notes

A warm friendship existed for many years between Charles Downing and J. L. Budd. By the terms of Mr. Downing's will in 1885 his extensive library of pomological books and original manuscripts was bequeathed to the Horticultural Department of the Iowa Agricultural College, of which Professor Budd was the active head for nearly a quarter of a century. Since the days of the talented brothers, Andrew and Charles Downing, American pomology has far outgrown the capacity of any one man, and the contemplated revision of "Fruits and Fruit Trees of America," that monumental and encyclopedic work of the Downings, will probably never be undertaken, at least as a private enterprise. It is an age of specialties and of manuals devoted to one or two fruits only. However, there appears to be a legitimate field for a manual of moderate dimensions, adapted to the needs of the amateur, fruit-grower, and those desiring to make a beginning in the systematic study of fruits. The publishers of Downing's works wish to supply this demand. Hence this book.

Professor Budd, my teacher and friend, has asked me to prepare the chapter on apples. An effort has been made to include all the varieties in the recommended list of the American Pomological Society, together with some of the newer sorts, especially those of special value in the colder regions of the prairie Northwest. Northwestern pomology is as yet in a transition stage, due to the necessity of securing varieties hardier than those commonly grown in the Eastern and Southern States. The historical and introductory notes are largely from Downing. New: descriptions have been made whenever possible; where fresh material was not obtainable, all the available literature of the subject has been consulted. About forty of the eastern and southern sorts are entirely from Downing, slightly rearranged for the sake of uniformity. All the plates showing no core are from Downing; those with core outlines, stamens, and calyx-tube were redrawn for the engraver by Miss C. M. King, Artist of the Iowa Experiment Station, from indelible-pencil impressions taken direct from the apples by the writer.

The courtesy of G. B. Brackett, Pomologist of the United States Department of Agriculture, in furnishing descriptions of new and rare varieties is gratefully acknowledged.

N. E. Hansen.

Brookings, S. D., Jan. 16. 1903.