Flesh quite firm, colored, subacid, very good. Pistillate. Popular as a market variety across the continent. Illinois.


Medium to large, roundish conical; color dark crimson. Flesh red; quality very good. Flowers perfect. A seedling of Sharpless, coming into favor. Canada.

Wilson (Wilson's Albany)

Medium, conical; color red and crimson. Flesh fairly firm, colored, quite acid, but pleasant when fully ripe. One of the oldest varieties, but it is yet doubly starred in several States. New York.

Wm. Belt. - Large to very large, usually conical, but very irregular. Flesh pink and white, subacid, good. A late Ohio variety, grown for the fancy market quite largely. Perfect. Does not endure drouth well.

Windsor Chief

Large, even-sized, roundish conical; color red and crimson. Holds its size well to end of season. Stands drouth well at the West. Its value not yet recognized. Flowers pistillate.


Large to very large, roundish conical; color crimson, with crimson seeds. Flesh red, solid, mildly acid; quality variable; not enough acid usually, but showy and sells well. Flowers perfect. Canada.

Cultivated varieties are grown in the United States belonging to four distinct species. Ribes rubrum includes the red and white varieties of this country and Europe; Ribes nigrum includes the European black currants prized by our foreign settlers for culinary use; Ribes Americanum is the native black currant, which is very similar to the European, but with smaller fruit, and as yet but little attention has been given to its improvement or the selection of its best varieties; Ribes auream is a native species, with black fruit, but very distinct as a species, and some of its varieties are in cultivation. For propagation and management see Chapter XX of Part I.