The history, propagation, orchard culture, pruning, laying down in colder climates, and other facts in regard to this important commercial and home fruit are given in Part I (see index).
The varieties of the Peach are very numerous and they all belong to one species (Prunus Persica). Nearly all the varieties grown in the Middle States and on the west coast are of the Persian type. But in the extreme South it has been found that the Chinese varieties succeed best, as they are less troubled with root-knot, and are not as liable to start the fruit-buds and foliage to be caught by early spring frosts. Another type of peach grown in the extreme South is the native race, usually referred to as the Indian peaches. These are supposed to have been introduced by the early Spanish settlers. The varieties of this race are hardy and not as liable to be injured by frost in the blossoming period. An attempt has been made by Prof. Price, of Texas, to divide the cultivated varieties of the United States into five groups. But any attempt of this character is attended with difficulties as with the plums, and the adaptation of varieties to the various peach belts of the Union must be by actual test of relative hardiness, fruitfulness, and quality.