This section is from the book "The Balance Of Nature And Modern Conditions Of Cultivation", by George Abbey. Also available from Amazon: The Balance Of Nature And Modern Conditions Of Cultivation.
These animals must be regarded in the same category as squirrels, being injurious to the forester, and also to the nut and fruit grower, the damage they inflict in woods and orchards being similar to that of squirrels, but in less degree. Under favourable circumstances dormice increase with great rapidity, therefore active measures must be taken to keep them in check. The marten is their great natural enemy, but this friend of the forester, grazier and cereal crop farmer, also gardener, is practically, as the adage has it, "dead as a marten." If dormice multiply unduly recourse must be had to trapping, employing a smaller size trap than for squirrels. The mouse or small bird trap, preferably with a bow spring, baited with cheese as for mice and voles, usually suffices to capture them by the head. If wanted caught alive, as some people make pets of dormice, a box trap will need to be used, a small size "Alfred Clifford" being very effective.