This section is from the book "The Balance Of Nature And Modern Conditions Of Cultivation", by George Abbey. Also available from Amazon: The Balance Of Nature And Modern Conditions Of Cultivation.
This bird is a terror to the moorland game preserver, and the only advantage that it confers is on those cultivating the soil, always providing the pursuits are not intensive and embrace the dovecote and poultry-yard. This, and other large hawks may be trapped by first capturing their young and pegging one or more to the ground, and surrounding it or them by concealed traps, such as the Large Hawk Trap with 5 or 8 in. jaws, fitted with double springs and setters. This highly-effective mode succeeds by reason of the old birds seeing or hearing their "cry," and attempting to release them. In like manner, if part of a bird or animal killed by a hawk can be found, and this surrounded with concealed traps, capture usually results, as the hawk usually returns, sometimes after the lapse of several days, to finish its meal.
The Gyrfalcon and the Goshawk are so rare in Britain that the sight of either or both suffices to bring out expert shooters, even amongst foresters, farmers, and gardeners, who in sentiment are loud in acclaiming against the destruction of hawks and owls and in practice lose no opportunity of killing them, and either for gain or self-gratification employ the taxidermist. Trapping, therefore, in the case of these birds, and also kite and buzzard, is seldom requisitioned, for their havoc among game, poultry, and pigeons is so pronounced and their prevalence so uncommon in other than wild districts as to be regarded more as objects for the gun than the trap.