This section is from the book "The Balance Of Nature And Modern Conditions Of Cultivation", by George Abbey. Also available from Amazon: The Balance Of Nature And Modern Conditions Of Cultivation.
The Common Sandpiper (Tringoides or Tringa hypoleuca), sometimes called the Summer Snipe, included in the family Scolo-pacidae or Snipes and sub-family Tringinae or Totaninae, is about 7½ in. in length, and has the head, back of the neck, back, upper tail coverts and centre of the tail greenish-brown mottled with black. A dark stripe runs from the base of the bill to the eye, and a strip of light colour passes over the eye. The plumage generally is marked with white, thus prevailing on the chin and under-parts of the body, and the tail has greenish-black markings. It arrives in England in April or May and leaves in September or October. The food consists of worms, small molluscs, and insects obtained from the mud on the banks of rivers. The nest is built in a hole in a bank near fresh water and where shaded by a tuft of grass or sedge. The eggs are four in number, of a reddish-white colour, spotted with brown, the young being able to follow the parents and to seek food for themselves immediately after hatching out.