This section is from the book "The Balance Of Nature And Modern Conditions Of Cultivation", by George Abbey. Also available from Amazon: The Balance Of Nature And Modern Conditions Of Cultivation.
The Everitt Patent Safety Vermin Trap, Fig. 84 (supplied by Mr. H. Lane, Eagle Works, Wednesfield, Staffordshire), may be used amongst ground or winged game, poultry, etc., without fear of their being caught or maimed. For rats, set the traps where their runs enter buildings or enclosures. Securely block all superfluous holes, setting only against those most frequented. Cover the table with such material as fine earth, sawdust or chaff, freely scattering it round, and when desired the entire trap may be concealed, without fear of blocking. Another method is to make tunnels of brick or tile, feeding inside with bruised oats, meal, etc., until used freely by the vermin, when traps should be set to intercept. For stoats and weasels, fix a bait a few inches from the ground in the centre of an enclosure formed of a palisade or brushwood, leaving apertures for the traps; thus the bait answers for three or more traps, which can be left unattended for a considerable period with impunity, as the victim being killed outright, other vermin are not suspicious of danger.
Fig. 84. - Everitt's Patent Safety Vermin Trap.
Though the trap does not require fastening down, it is possible that a fox, cat, or dog may seize on the victim that has been killed instantly and carry off the trap along with the animal; it may be advisable to secure the trap by a chain to a peg.
Foresters, farmers, and gardeners agree with the game-preserver in regarding rats as vermin, the rodents making for dwellings, barns and outbuildings during the winter, and making sad havoc in outstanding corn-stacks as well as in warehouses containing food suited to the animal's omnivorous appetite. Few simple devices have become popular for effecting the capture and speedy death of rats, but some have proved effective, such as the Snare-spring Trap and Barrel Trap (Fig. 85, G and H).