The Nightingale (Daulias or Luscinia philomela), a celebrated song-bird, included in the Luscininae or Sylvinae (true warblers), is of a rusty brown colour on the upper parts tinged with olive, paler ash colour on the under-parts, blending into white at the throat and belly. Its length is about 6 in. It frequents trees and bushes of small size and subsists chiefly upon insects. The nest is of rough construction, generally formed of leaves and grasses, and mostly made in the neighbourhood of water. The eggs number from four to five, and are of an olive-green colour. The nightingale arrives in this country about the beginning or middle of April, the males before the females; the song continues until the middle of June, when the young are hatched. The male sings while the female is incubating during the day and at night also; the flood of song poured forth in the stillness of the evening forms the bird's chief reputation. In its distribution the nightingale is restricted to the south-western parts of England, being seldom heard in the western districts or in Wales, not at all in Ireland, and in Scotland almost unknown, its northern limits being at or near York. In places where its song is rarely heard, the interest of the local dwellers is so pronounced that much damage is done to meadow grass and other crops by bird-song lovers.

The nightingale leaves Britain in September, and appears solitary in habits.