Insect Pests Of Fruits, Flowers, And Vegetables (Part 2)

Name of Pest,

Resting Period (Pupa Stage).

Destructive Period (Caterpillar and Perfect Insect Stage).

Plants Attacked and Remedies.

Brown-tail Moth (Par-thesia chrysorrhoea).

Oct. to May.

May to Oct.

The hairy larvae feed upon fruit and forest trees. Nest in leaves in winter. Spray with arsenate of lead, etc.

Bulb Mite (Rhizoglyphus echinopus, fig. 96).

Jan. to Dec. under glass.

Mites attack bulbs of Eucharis and other plants, causing red blotches. Badly infested bulbs should be burned. Others should be washed in carbolic, lysol, cyllin, or paraffin solutions.

Cabbage Aphis (Aphis Brassicœ).

Winter to Spring.

Spring to Autumn.

Attacks Turnips and Cabbage crops generally. Spray with nicotine or quassia washes, and hoe frequently.

Cabbage Butterfly (Pieris Brassicœ, P. Rapœ, etc, fig. 98).

Oct. to Mar.

April to Sept.

Caterpillars attack various Cabbage crops. Ground should be well cultivated, and quassia or nicotine sprays may be used. Hand picking advisable for small patches.

Cabbage Flea, Blue (Haltica consobrina).

Autumn to Spring.

Spring to Autumn.

Cultivate soil well in autumn and winter, and also between crops in summer.

Cabbage Fly (Anthomyia Brassicœ, fig. 99).

Dec. to Feb.

Mar. to Nov.

Grubs attack fleshy roots of Turnips, Radishes, Cabbages, Cauliflowers, etc, and cause leaves to turn yellow and wilt. Badly infested plants should be burned. The best remedy is frequent hoeing amongst crops when possible.

Cabbage Gall Weevil (Ceutorhynchus sulci-collis, fig. 100).

Oct. to Feb.

Mar. to Sept.

Small white maggots attack lower portion of stems of Cabbages, Brus-sel Sprouts, Cauliflowers, Turnips, and others, and cause pea-like swellings. Best remedy is to hoe ground frequently between crops. Burn all infested stems in autumn.

Cabbage Moth (Mames-tra Brassicœ, fig. 102).

Winter and early Spring.

Summer and Autumn.

Caterpillars destroy Cabbage crops in summer and autumn. Cultivate between crops in dormant season, and use lime and soot over ground.

CabbagePowdered-wing Fly (Aleyrodes prole-tella).

Autumn to Spring.

Spring to Autumn.

Cabbage crops attacked. Remedies as for Cabbage Moths and Butterflies.

Cabbage-root Fly (Phor-bia brassicœ).

Oct. to Mar.

April to Oct.

Attacks roots of Cabbage crops. Remedies as for Cabbage Gall Weevil.

Carnation Maggot (Hy-lemyia nigrescens).

Winter and Spring.

July to Sept.

Cylindrical maggots pierce down centre of Carnation and Pink stems. Spray with nicotine washes about July, and destroy badly affected plants. Hoe between crops frequently in autumn.

Carrot Aphis (Aphis Dauci).

Autumn and Spring.

June to Aug.

Attacks Carrot leaves. Spray before June with paraffin emulsion, and hoe frequently.

Carrot - blossom Moth (Depressaria Pastina-cella).

Autumn and Winter.

July to Sept.

Attacks flowers of Carrots and Parsnips. May be caught with tarred sacks, or killed by hellebore powder.

Name of Pest.

Resting Period (Pupa Stage).

Destructive Period (Caterpillar and Perfect Insect Stage).

Plants Attacked and Remedies.

Carrot Fly (Psila Rosœ, fig. 101).

Dec. to Feb.

Mar. to Dec.

Maggots attack roots of Carrots, and can only be kept down by frequent hoeings to expose them to birds. Infested roots should be burned. Spray early with paraffin emulsion.

Carrot-seed Moth (De-pressaria depressella).

Autumn and Winter.

July, Aug.

Devours flowers and seeds of Carrots and Parsnips, especially latter. Spray with paraffin emulsion early in season a few times.

Celery and Parsnip Fly (Acidia heraclei or Tephritis Onopordinis, fig. 106).

Oct. to April.

April to Sept.

Eggs laid upon leaves of Parsnips and Celery hatch a grub that penetrates tissues. May be prevented by spraying with paraffin emulsion before April, and at intervals afterwards. Infected leaves must be collected and burned. Cultivate soil well, and strew with lime or soot.

Celery-stem Fly (Rio-phila Apii).

Oct. to April.

April to Sept.

Tunnels down stalks and makes rusty marks. Remedies as for Celery Fly.

Cherry Aphis (Myzus Cerasi).

Autumn to Spring.

Summer.

This is the Black Fly of Cherries. Trees must be well syringed with nicotine or quassia solutions.

Cherry Sawfly. See Pear Sawfly.

Chrysanthemum Leaf-miner (Phytomyia ni-gricornis, figs. 104 and 105).

Oct. to Mar.

April to Oct.

Chiefly attacks Chrysanthemum and Marguerite leaves, the maggot boring between the tissues. Prevention and cure as for Celery Fly.

Cockchafer or May Bug (Melolontha vulgaris).

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Jan. to Dec.

Large fleshy white grubs that take three years to attain full size. They feed on roots of fruit trees, Roses, etc, and do much damage. The perfect beetles feed on leaves of Apple and other trees in May and June. Digging brings grubs up to birds, but they should be collected when possible and burned. Perfect insects should be shaken from trees on to sheets, collected, and burned.

Cockroach (Blatta orien-talis).

----

Jan. to Dec.

Destroys flowers of various kinds. May be trapped in glasses with beer, molasses, etc. Houses should be cleaned and limewashed.

Codlin Moth (Carpo-capsa Pomonella, fig. 107).

Autumn to Spring.

June to Sept.

Eggs laid in Apple flowers, and maggots afterwards spoil fruit. Collect all diseased fruits and burn. Spray with Paris green, arsenate of lead, etc, when trees are in bloom. Cleanse stems with caustic wash in winter. Hoe ground frequently during autumn and winter.

Cranefly. See Daddy Longlegs.

Chrysanthemum Leaf miner (Phytomyz nigricomis).

Fig. 104. - Chrysanthemum Leaf-miner (Phytomyz nigricomis).

Celery Fly (Tephritis Onopordinis).

Fig. 106. - Celery Fly (Tephritis Onopordinis).

1, Fly (magnified). 2, Lines showing natural size. 3, Larva and pupa figured on blistered leaf.

Fig 105.   Chrysanthemum Leaf miner (Phytomyza nigricornis), the perfect insect.

Fig 105. - Chrysanthemum Leaf-miner (Phytomyza nigricornis), the perfect insect.

Codlin Grub and Moth (Carpocapsa Pomonella).

Fig. 107. - Codlin Grub and Moth (Carpocapsa Pomonella). Moth (1) and larva (2) enlarged. 3, Larva escaping from injured apple. 4, Shows cocoon, chrysalis, and young fruit with maggot entering.

Currant Aphis (Myzus Ribis) A, Male. B, Apterous female.

Fig. 108. - Currant Aphis (Myzus Ribis) A, Male. B, Apterous female. 0, Winged female.

Currant shoot Moth (Incurvaria capitella).

Fig. 109. - Currant-shoot Moth (Incurvaria capitella).

1 Moth (magnified). 2, Moth (nat. size). 3, Caterpillar (magnified).

Currant Gall Mite (Eriophyes Ribis).

Fig. 110. - Currant Gall Mite (Eriophyes Ribis).

1, Infested bud. 2, Mite (greatly enlarged). 3, Mite (younger stage).

Daddy Longlegs or Craneflies (Tipula oleracea and T. paludosa).

Fig. 111. - Daddy Longlegs or Craneflies (Tipula oleracea and T. paludosa).

1, Eggs. 2, Maggot. 3, Pupa-case vacated by the gnat of Tipula oleracea. 4, Female of Tipula paludosa.

Diamond back Moth (Plutellc cruciferarum).

Fig. 112. - Diamond-back Moth (Plutellc cruciferarum).

1, Caterpillar; 2, Eggs; 3, Moth (all natural size). 4, 5, Moth (magnified), at rest and flying.