Total Weight And Contents Of One Wagner Apple Tree, Thirteen Years Old, And Of Thirty.five Similar Trees To The Acre

Total Weight.

One Tree.

35 Trees to Acre.

lb.

lb.

Leaves

33.18

1161.3

Water

15.92

557.2

Dry matter ...

17.26

604.1

Nitrogen

0.29

1015

Phosphoric acid

0.08

2.80

Potash

0.28

9.80

At the end of twenty years (the Apple trees being then thirty-three years of age) it was computed that the amount of nitrogen, phosphoric acid, and potash taken from the soil during the period of trial was as follows: -

Nitrogen.

Phosphoric Acid.

Potash.

lb.

lb.

lb.

Fruit.........

498.60

38.25

728.55

Leaves

45675

126.00

441.00

Total for 20 years ...

955.35

164.25

1169.55

Average per year

47.76

8.21

58.47

These quantities are much less per acre per annum than those already given above. They serve, however, to indicate the small amount of food exhaustion that takes place, and incidentally the quantities of nitrogen, phosphoric acid, and potash that might have to be supplied to maintain the equilibrium of available foods in the soil. Assuming the figures to be fairly accurate, it would appear that the fallen leaves, if dug into the ground during the winter months, would supply, when rotted, about half the entire quantity of food taken out during the year, as shown, thus: -

Nitrogen.

Phosphoric Acid.

Potash.

lb.

lb.

lb.

Food taken from an acre of soil each year

47.76

8.21

58.47

Food supplied by fallen leaves per acre

22.83

6.30

22.00

Balance to be supplied by cultivation and manures per acre...

24.93

1.91

36.47

The quantities of nitrates, phosphates, and potash taken out of an acre of soil each year naturally vary a good deal, according to the nature of the crop. It will be seen from the table below that some crops absorb much larger quantities of certain foods than others, and this fact should be borne in mind when applying manures.