This section is from the book "Commercial Gardening Vol3", by John Weathers (the Editor). Also available from Amazon: Commercial Gardening, A Practical & Scientific Treatise For Market Gardeners.
This Apple is a horticultural analogy to a man with a big intellect set on a sickly body. As a fruit it is admirable - solid, shapely, of good size and quality.
The tree when first planted gives every promise of a fruitful existence. The joints are short, the branches thick and sturdy, the fruit buds full and prominent, and the foliage luxuriant, but after a year or two it loses vigour, becomes a prey to every pest there is about, and cankers away. It is only mentioned here in order to suggest it as a good variety to plant if it is decided to plant cordons between the bush or half-standard trees until these grow big enough to take all the ground. It will crop vigorously in this form for a few years, when it can be done away with. In season September and October.
Although, as a rule, red cooking apples are not favourites with the buyers, this is the exception to the rule.
It is one of the handsomest apples grown, coming to a dark-red colour. The tree is spreading and requires room. It is of good constitution, and a free and first-class bearer, the fruit being set evenly over the branches. No one need be afraid of planting it. In season December and January.
Although this cannot yet be said to be a market apple, it cannot be long before it becomes one. On the Paradise stock it is a most profuse bearer, its fruit is of a conical shape with clear skin, and its quality is good. The plate shows a tree that has been planted two years, that is, four years from the graft. In season November, and December.
In season November to May. This Apple is gradually winning its way into the newer market gardens, and is likely to maintain its hold. It is a useful late variety, of excellent constitution. Tree of vigorous growth as a large bush or standard on the Crab; satisfactory as a bush on a dwarfing stock. Fruit large to very large, round, even, yellow and crimson when ripe, firm with a brisk acidity and good flavour. The trees must not be severely pruned.
Still better known as "Wellington". One of the very best cooking apples in use from November to March. Very heavy cropper. When given plenty of space, say 25 to 30 ft. apart, well-established trees will bear an average crop of 15 to 17 bus. per annum.
A fine cooking apple highly esteemed in the Midlands. In season from December to April. Fruit large, round and ribbed, yellowish tinged with red.