This section is from the book "Commercial Gardening Vol3", by John Weathers (the Editor). Also available from Amazon: Commercial Gardening, A Practical & Scientific Treatise For Market Gardeners.
This is the earliest apple to be fit to gather - it was cleared in 1910 before the first of August. The fruit is conical and shapely, with a clear skin and set singly on the branches. It is a most prodigious bearer, and should be grafted upon the Doucin stock in preference to the Paradise, or it will bear too profusely to make a tree. On the Crab it comes quickly into bearing.
This is an Apple with a splendid constitution - a bad sort for purveyors of spray fluids, for it can almost look after itself. Its fruit comes in clusters. It is best to commence thinning them as early in July as the apples can be sold, and they may be thinned two or three times before clearing. The fruit often comes of an ugly shape, and it is not a sort that obtains the highest price, but from the vigour of its growth, its readiness to adapt itself to light or heavy soils, and owing to its fertility it should have a place in every plantation.
This is a conical-shaped apple of green skin, ripening yellow, of first-rate quality, always commanding the highest price. It is a free bearer on the Paradise stock. On the Crab it must only be planted on warm stony soil or it will be a failure. In season August and September.
This is a Codlin of the very best quality. The tree is of compact growth and it bears freely on any stock. If thinned as soon as saleable it will produce very large fruit. This is roundish ovoid, prominently and bluntly ribbed up to crown. The skin is yellowish green. In use in September and October.
Mr. Bunyard says: "This is one of the best early kitchen Apples, and seldom fails to bear a heavy crop". It forms a splendid, shapely tree on the Crab requiring hardly any training. The fruit is soft, easily bruised, very much sought after by birds and flies.
BUSH APPLE TREE, "ECKLINV1LLE SEEDLING".
Seven years old. In Messrs. Ambrose & Palmer's Market Garden, Shepperton, Middlesex.
It is also liable to scab, and requires the help of the spray machine to defend it against the Apple Sucker. In Herefordshire some wonderful sums of money per acre have been reported as having been netted from this apple. It should be gathered in August. (See Plate.)
This variety is found in many of the older market gardens, and is valued for its earliness. It often fetches a higher price if picked when only three parts ripe than if allowed to remain too long and get soft and yellowish. It is of medium size, conical, with sharp ridges round the eye. It will probably be superseded by the Early Victoria mentioned above. It is an excellent cooker.
A good cooking Apple but with the reputation of taking a long time to come into bearing. Fruit large, roundish, and bluntly angled, and comes into season in September and October. It is yellowish when ripe, and lasts well.