This section is from the book "Commercial Gardening Vol3", by John Weathers (the Editor). Also available from Amazon: Commercial Gardening, A Practical & Scientific Treatise For Market Gardeners.
The greater durability of the Apple is causing it to displace in some degree the more quickly perishable Plum; and it is estimated that about 3000 ac. of land are now mainly occupied with young Apple trees. Bush trees are usually planted about 12 ft. apart, the space between them being occupied for the first few years with Currants and Gooseberries. This is a step in the right direction, since the flower of the Apple escapes the frosts which are sometimes so disastrous to the earlier bloom of the Plum, thus securing a crop of one kind of fruit when the other crop has been destroyed.
A FEW GOOD MARKET APPLES
I. James Grieve.
2. Early Victoria.
3. Lord Suffield. 4. Lane's Prince Albert. 5. Golden Spire.
(Two-thirds natural size).
The varieties chiefly planted are Worcester Pearmain, Devonshire Quarrenden, Ecklinville, Lord Derby, Lord Grosvenor, Stirling Castle, Cox's Orange Pippin, Lane's Prince Albert, and Allington Pippin. At present the Apples of Worcestershire are chiefly produced in another part of the county; the apple orchards of Evesham will tell their story in future years.
Pears are much less grown than Apples in the district of Evesham, which includes all within a radius of 10 ml. But planters are feeling their way with regard to suitable varieties for the purpose; bush trees being chiefly planted. The most suitable varieties appear to be Pit-maston Duchess, Williams' Bon Chretien, Clapp's Favourite, Doyenne d'Ete, Doyenne duCornice, Beurre Glairgeau, Beurre' d'Amanlis, and Marie Louise d'Uccle.
Gooseberries constitute another important fruit crop in the district. It is estimated that 1000 ac. are grown, largely as an " undercrop " to the Plums, being planted beneath and between the trees; but many are also grown in the open. They are planted in rows about 6 ft. apart and about 5 ft. apart in the rows. The pruning mainly consists of thinning out the branches which are too close, and slightly shortening the young growth if it be more than 8 or 9 in. in length. Occasionally this crop realizes a very high price, but the average may be taken as about £45 per acre.
The varieties chiefly grown are Keepsake, Whinham's Industry, Whitesmith, Crown Bob, Lancashire Lad, and Berry's Early Kent; but the typical Evesham man tries all new varieties of fruit and vegetables which promise improvement upon older varieties.