Perhaps because this is a wild British fruit it does not find favour with growers, and yet its fruits, picked from the hedges, find a ready sale in the autumn. One might do worse than grow some plants in the same way as the Loganberry, where the fruits cannot be purloined by every passer-by.

Besides the Loganberry and the Blackberry, other "berries" have appeared recently, among them being the " Low Berry", the "Laxton Berry", etc. (See Coloured Plate.) The American Blackberry (Rubus luciniatus), the Japanese Wineberry (R. plccenicolasius), and American varieties of the common Blackberry known as Lawtons, Kittatiny, Mammoth, Wilson, Junior, etc, have been in cultivation for some years, and although they bear masses of excellent fruit they are practically confined to private gardens. (See Coloured Plate.)

The only disease worth noting in connection with the Loganberry and allied fruits is " Crown Gall". This disease has probably been present in this country for a long time, but has not been recognized with certainty until recently. The disease forms galls or tumours at the collar, or sometimes on branches of the root, and as they are usually underground they are often passed over. The galls vary in size from a marble to that of a football, and are coarsely warted or wrinkled. Several specimens on the base of the stem of the Loganberry have been observed in this country, as also have specimens on Plum, Chrysanthemum, Rose, and Raspberry. In the United States, Crown Gall is considered as one of the most serious diseases with which the fruit grower has to contend. It is most destructive in the nursery, where it spreads along the rows, killing the young trees wholesale. Apples, Plums, Cherries, Quinces, and in fact practically all fruit trees, and several forest trees, are attacked. When older trees are infected they may live for many years, but the produce is smaller in quantity and inferior in quality to that of healthy trees.

When the galls are not large they should be removed, and the wound covered with a paste composed of 1 oz. each of sulphate of copper (blue-stone) and of sulphate of iron, and 2 oz. of quicklime.

Quicklime should be worked into the soil in orchards, etc, where Crown Gall is present. [g. m.]

The chief pests attacking Loganberries and allied fruits are the Raspberry Beetle (Byturns tomentosus), the Clay-coloured Weevil (Otiorhynchus picipes), the Daddy-long-legs (Tipula oleracea), the Heart-and-Dart Moth (Agrotis exclamationis). (See Vol. I, p. 166 et seq.)