This section is from the book "Commercial Gardening Vol3", by John Weathers (the Editor). Also available from Amazon: Commercial Gardening, A Practical & Scientific Treatise For Market Gardeners.
A red berry when ripe, of elongated shape and medium size. The bush does not grow to a great size. It is useful either for green or ripe picking.
A berry very much like the one just referred to. The bush grows to a greater size, and it comes into full bearing very quickly, but does not seem to stand as long. The fruit is smoother than the last, slightly larger, and does not ripen such a red colour.
A strong-growing bush, with fruit medium to large. Not quite such a free bearer as the two varieties just mentioned. It ripens very slowly, retaining its green colour longer than any other red variety. For this reason it is very useful, because it can be used for "green" work when other red sorts have put on too much colour.
Bush growing to a great size; fruit very large, white, almost transparent when ripe; sweet in flavour. A very prolific variety, bearing fruit in double rows along the shoots. A variety very much grown in Middlesex. The fruit can be sold for green later than any other. At first the berries are of a dark-brown tint near the stalk, so that they cannot be picked so early as other varieties. This brown discoloration goes off in June.
Gooseberries cost about £4 per 1000 to buy. Planting will cost about Is. 6d. per 100. The bushes will come into remunerative bearing on the fourth or fifth year. Pruning for full-grown bushes costs from 34s. to 40s. per acre. Cultivation will depend upon the system of cropping followed. A full crop of Gooseberries, with nothing between, will cost £3 an acre to keep clean; if, however, intercropping is practised, then the cost depends upon the nature of the crop introduced, and how much of the cost can be set to the debit of that crop. Picking costs from Is. per half-sieve, when the fruit is small at the commencement, to 4 1/2d. and 3d. when they are full grown and there is a good crop. Prices vary over a considerable range, depending, as to green berries, upon the crop in other places, and as to ripe berries, upon the price of strawberries and raspberries as well as upon the crop of gooseberries. From £9 to £14 per ton may be taken as the usual range of price for green berries, and from £6 to £9 per ton for ripe. An average crop of full-grown berries would be about 3 or 4 tons per acre. [w. g. l.]