This section is from the book "Commercial Gardening Vol3", by John Weathers (the Editor). Also available from Amazon: Commercial Gardening, A Practical & Scientific Treatise For Market Gardeners.
Several other moths have wingless females, and may be prevented in the same way. The more important are: 1. The Mottled Umber Moth (Hybemia defoliaria), which is larger than the Winter Moth, and the female quite wingless; its caterpillar, a looper, is chestnut brown above, yellow at the sides, and is common where Oaks surround fruit plantations (tig. 341). 2. The Early Moth (Hybernia rwpicapraria) is common on plums, the larva being rusty coloured. 3. The March Moth (Anisopteryx cescularia), which appears in March and early April. The female is quite wingless, and has a tuft of brown hairs at the tail; she lays her eggs in irregular bands on the year's growth of wood, and the ova are covered with the caudal hairs. The caterpillars are green, and are thinner than those of the Winter Moth, and feed mainly on plum, but also on other fruit and Hawthorn. Arsenical spray will destroy all these larvae, but prevention by grease-banding is best. [f. v. t.].