This section is from the book "Commercial Gardening Vol3", by John Weathers (the Editor). Also available from Amazon: Commercial Gardening, A Practical & Scientific Treatise For Market Gardeners.
The abnormal development of small-fruit culture in Scotland has had a disastrous effect on the fruit industry. The prices obtained during the years 1908, 1909, and 1910 were not sufficient to meet the expenses of cultivation. It is not possible to say how many acres in full bearing were uprooted in Scotland in 1910, but the land under small fruit in Great Britain was reduced by 2817 ac. The disaster to the industry, regrettable as it is, has had its compensations. It has driven the grower to economize. Excessive dressings of farmyard manure were often applied to the land in the old days just because the grower had plenty of money and never seriously considered whether a heavy dressing was beneficial or detrimental. Manurial experiments have been carried out in Blairgowrie by the East of Scotland Agricultural College, which have gone to show that dressings of 5 tons per acre every year give a better return than dressings of 20 tons per acre. The growers are now profiting by these experiments, and are not so much inclined as they once were to throw money away in the purchase of manure which does no good. This is only one part of the economy now practised. A certain extravagance in the old days characterized the labour bill in connection with most fruit plantations. The labour bill, without detriment to the cultivation of the soil, has now in many cases been greatly reduced.