This section is from the book "Commercial Gardening Vol3", by John Weathers (the Editor). Also available from Amazon: Commercial Gardening, A Practical & Scientific Treatise For Market Gardeners.

The volume or cubic contents of any body is found by solid or cubic measure, a practical knowledge of which is most useful to commercial gardeners. Before proceeding to give examples, the following tables may be noted: -

1 cub. ft. = 1728 cub. in.

27 cub. ft. = 1 cub. yd. = 46,656 cub. in.

1 cub. ft. of water = 1000 oz. avoir, (really 997137 oz.) = 625 lb.

1 pt. of pure water weighs 1 1/4 lb.

1 gal. of water = 10 lb. = 277 cub. in.

oz. | cub. in. | gill. | ||||||

5 = | 8.664 = | 1 | pt. | |||||

20 = | 34.659 = | 4 = | 1 | qt. | ||||

40 = | 69.318 = | 8 = | 2 = | 1 | gal. | |||

160 = | 277.274 = | 32 = | 8 = | 4 = | 1 | pk. | ||

320 = | 554.548 = | 64 = | 16 = | 8 = | 2 = | 1 | hush. | |

1,280 = | 2218.192 = | 256 = | 64 = | 32 = | 8 = | 4 | = 1 | qr. |

10,240 = | 17745.536 = | 2048 = | 512 = | 256 = | 64 = | 32 | = 8 | = 1 |

Thus, to find the cubic contents of any square or rectangular solid body, the length, width, and depth are multiplied together. Thus, 1 cub. ft. = 12 in. by 12 in. by 12 in. = 1728 cub. in.

An acre of soil contains 43,560 sq. ft., and at 1 ft. deep is considered to weigh on an average 3,000,000 lb. Therefore 1 cub. ft. of soil weighs on an average 3,000,000/43,560 = 69 lb., nearly. 1 cub. yd. of soil weighs about

1863 lb. = 16.6 cwt. In practice it is reckoned as 1 ton.

In applying these figures to well-known things in gardens and nurseries the following examples may be taken.

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