This section is from the book "Commercial Gardening Vol4", by John Weathers (the Editor). Also available from Amazon: Commercial Gardening, A Practical & Scientific Treatise For Market Gardeners.
This salad vegetable (Cichorium Endivia) may be mentioned along with the Lettuce. The demand for it is certainly not very extensive yet, but as the eating of salads seems to be becoming more general among our population, it may be hoped that the qualities of Endive may receive more appreciation.
Endive is essentially a late-summer vegetable. Sowings begin in late May and can be continued at intervals of a fortnight up to early August; the later sowings always run the risk of being touched by early frosts.
Fig. 474. - Endive.
Endive is best sown in drills 15 in. apart and singled out to 1-ft. spaces.
A good green curled variety is Ruffec, and a little of the broad-leaved Batavian Hearting (fig. 475) may be grown. Endive must be tied up tightly and left for the heart to be quite bleached before being pulled.
The flying spores of a fungus are apt to attack the tender heart leaves of the Endive, especially during moist weather, causing them to go brown round the edges. These edges go rotten when the plant is tied up, and spoil its selling value. A spraying once a fortnight with a solution of liver of sulphur (1 oz. to 3 to 4 gall, of water) is recommended as a preventive, though its value is at present more theoretical than practical. [W. G. L].
Fig. 475. - Endive - Broad-leaved Batavian.