MONTHLY, or Ever - blooming Roses, need much more care than the Hybrid Perpet-uals and, unless given it will be apt to prove a disappointment. Although they are called Ever-blooming few of them blossom continuously throughout the season, and the name is misleading. They have to be watered and sprayed and coddled to keep them in good health; and their leaves watched for mildew, which is prevented by sprinkling powdered sulphur over them early in the morning, when they are still wet from the dew. The soil in the beds should be kept loose and fine and frequently moistened, especially during the hottest days of our dry and trying Summers.
They are not hardy and should be covered in Winter. The best way to do this is to fence the beds in with wire netting two and a half or three feet high, and fill the enclosure with leaves, laying down the long shoots so that they will be well covered up. A few cornstalks or scraggs should be laid on top of the leaves to keep them from blowing away. This will provide a good protection, and the roses will emerge all right in the Spring if the mice have not eaten them up. To guard against such an appalling contingency "rat biskit" should be plentifully crumbled up on the bed before covering it, and some of the pieces of the poisoned cracker scattered through the leaves. In April when the covering is removed the bed should be spaded up to the depth of three or four inches, and some well-rotted manure, which should be two years old to insure the best results, worked in. As soon as the leaves appear begin to spray them with a mixture of tobacco and whale oil that comes in cakes like soap, and may be dissolved in a pail or watering pot as you wish to use it.
Rose Beds Enlarged into Rose Gardens.
It is better to grow Ever-blooming Roses in beds by themselves, or in a Rose garden where you may pick the flowers every day and their beauty will not be missed. Perpetual Roses grown in the same manner will give more satisfaction, too, than if they are scattered through the flower garden. If you cannot make a Rose garden, prepare a few beds in some out-of-the-way corner of the place, that is well drained and protected from Winter winds, where the plants will get the early morning and the afternoon sun, and will be partially protected from the blistering heat of midday. If you locate such a bed with an eye to the future, some day you may be able to work it up into a Rose garden; enlarged, enclosed by a hedge or fence, and more extensively planted. On page 232 is given the plan of a collection of Rose beds that will hold about a hundred Roses; and on page 235 the same beds appear elaborated into a garden.
Ever-blooming Roses require a good loam, or compost, richly fertilized with old stable manure. They should be set two feet and a half each way in the beds, so that they will have plenty of light and air, and sufficient soil to nourish them properly. Do not plant Roses too near the roots of large trees, and be sure that the bed is well drained, for damp, soggy ground is the worst place to grow Roses.
One of the newest and best of the Ever-blooming class is Killarney, a beautiful pink Rose with an unusually long and graceful bud, suggesting in shape forgotten Catherine Mermet. The pink is of a very delicate but fresh shade. This is an Irish Rose, and has become popular with florists who force it and use it instead of the long popular Bridesmaid, which is of a more solid pink. Killarney is a faithful bloomer, and the buds and flowers have so much character and beauty that three or four are all that is needed for a vase. This is a hybrid Tea rose of vigorous growth; but because it is new it has been quite expensive. Three plants of Killarney, however, will give more pleasure and less disappointment than a dozen of almost any other sort.